See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
弓-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
弓-oracle.svg 弓-bronze.svg 弓-silk.svg 弓-bigseal.svg 弓-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - pictographic representation of a bow.

Han characterEdit

(radical 57 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓 (N), four-corner 17207)

See alsoEdit

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 356, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9692
  • Dae Jaweon: page 671, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 987, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5F13

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /kuŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kuŋ²¹/
Jinan /kuŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /kəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kuŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /kuŋ²¹/
Xining /kuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kũn³¹/
Ürümqi /kuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /koŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /koŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕyoŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /koŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕioŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /koŋ/
Nanjing /koŋ³¹/
Hefei /kəŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /kuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /kũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /koŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /koŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /koŋ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕoŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /kuʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /kan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /koŋ³³/
Xiangtan /kən³³/
Gan Nanchang /kuŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kiuŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kioŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /koŋ⁵³/
Nanning /kuŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kuŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiɔŋ⁵⁵/
/kiŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /keŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /koŋ²³/
/kiaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuwŋ/
Li
Rong
/kiuŋ/
Wang
Li
/kĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʷəŋ/
English bow (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4079
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷɯŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. a bow
  2. curved, arched
  3. KangXi radical number 57

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. In modern Japanese, only found as a prefix in compounds.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji yu-)

  1. a bow, a bow shape
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(yumi): Four different types of bow.
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(yu, yumi, tarashi, kyū): Japanese bows, arrows, and arrow-stand.
Kanji in this term
ゆみ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Appears to be Old Japanese yu + suffixing element mi, itself of uncertain derivation.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ゆみ, romaji yumi)

  1. a bow:
    1. (weaponry) a bow for shooting arrows
    2. (music) a bow for playing a stringed instrument such as a violin or cello
  2. archery
  3. (Shintō) a type of kagura (sacred Shinto song and dance) intended to drive away evil
  4. short for 破魔弓 (はまゆみ) ‎(hama yumi): a ceremonial archery bow with the power to dispel evil
  5. a bow shape, a curve
  6. a bow-shaped tool used to beat ginned cotton into a softer and finer textile
Coordinate termsEdit
Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
たらし
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Alteration from torashi, 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb torasu, from tora as the 未然形 ‎(mizenkei, incomplete form) of verb 取る ‎(toru, to take) + ‎(su, honorific suffix in Old Japanese). Original meaning was “something kept to hand”.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana たらし, romaji tarashi)

  1. (rare, honorific) an archery bow, particularly one belonging to a noble
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
きゅう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(*giung).[1][2] Compare modern Mandarin ‎(gōng).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū)

  1. (rare) a bow
  2. (obsolete) in ancient Chinese archery, a unit of length for measuring the distance between the archer and the target; one kyū was equal to six ‎(shaku), roughly six feet or 182 centimeters
  3. (obsolete) in ancient China, a unit of length for surveying land; one kyū was equal to eight ‎(shaku), roughly eight feet or 242 centimeters
Usage notesEdit

In modern Japanese, the reading kyū is most often found in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit


the shape of the Hun bow

HanjaEdit

‎(gung)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gung, McCune-Reischauer: kung, Yale: kwung)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. (:궁, hwal:gung): bow (for shooting arrows)

CompoundsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cung, cong, củng)

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