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U+5F13, 弓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F13

[U+5F12]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F14]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 57 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓 (N), four-corner 17207)

  1. Kangxi radical #57, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 356, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9692
  • Dae Jaweon: page 671, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 987, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5F13

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷɯŋ
*kʰʷɯŋ
*kʰʷɯŋ, *kʰʷɯŋs
*kʰʷɯŋ

Pictogram (象形) - pictographic representation of a bow.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • keng - vernacular;
  • kiong - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kuŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kuŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kuŋ²¹/
    Jinan /kuŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /kəŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /kuŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /kuŋ²¹/
    Xining /kuə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kuŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /kũn³¹/
    Ürümqi /kuŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /koŋ⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /koŋ⁵⁵/
    /t͡ɕyoŋ⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /koŋ⁵⁵/
    /t͡ɕioŋ⁵⁵/
    Kunming /koŋ/
    Nanjing /koŋ³¹/
    Hefei /kəŋ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /kuəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /kuŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /kũŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /koŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /koŋ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /koŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕoŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /kuʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /kan¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /koŋ³³/
    Xiangtan /kən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /kuŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /kiuŋ⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /kioŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /koŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /kuŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kuŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiɔŋ⁵⁵/
    /kiŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kœyŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /keŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /koŋ²³/
    /kiaŋ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (2)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨuŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiuŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiuŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kuwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiuŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭuŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯uŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiōng
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gōng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjuwng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷəŋ/
    English bow (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4079
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷɯŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. a bow
    2. curved, arched
    3. to arch, to bend

    CompoundsEdit

    See alsoEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. In modern Japanese, only found as a prefix in compounds.[1][2]

    PronunciationEdit

    PrefixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji yu-)

    1. a bow, a bow shape
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
     
    (yumi): Four different types of bow.
     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    (yu, yumi, tarashi, kyū): Japanese bows, arrows, and arrow-stand.
    Kanji in this term
    ゆみ
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Appears to be Old Japanese yu + suffixing element mi, itself of uncertain derivation.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ゆみ, rōmaji yumi)

    1. a bow:
      1. (weaponry) a bow for shooting arrows
      2. (music) a bow for playing a stringed instrument such as a violin or cello
    2. archery
    3. (Shinto) a type of kagura (sacred Shinto song and dance) intended to drive away evil
    4. short for 破魔弓 (はまゆみ) (hama yumi): a ceremonial archery bow with the power to dispel evil
    5. a bow shape, a curve
    6. a bow-shaped tool used to beat ginned cotton into a softer and finer textile
    Coordinate termsEdit
    Derived termsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    Further readingEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    たらし
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Alteration from torashi, 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb torasu, from tora as the 未然形 (mizenkei, incomplete form) of verb 取る (toru, to take) + (su, honorific suffix in Old Japanese). Original meaning was “something kept to hand”.[1][2]

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana たらし, rōmaji tarashi)

    1. (rare, honorific) an archery bow, particularly one belonging to a noble
    SynonymsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    きゅう
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (*giung).[1][2] Compare modern Mandarin (gōng).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana きゅう, rōmaji kyū)

    1. (rare) a bow
    2. (obsolete) in ancient Chinese archery, a unit of length for measuring the distance between the archer and the target; one kyū was equal to six (shaku), roughly six feet or 182 centimeters
    3. (obsolete) in ancient China, a unit of length for surveying land; one kyū was equal to eight (shaku), roughly eight feet or 242 centimeters
    Usage notesEdit

    In modern Japanese, the reading kyū is most often found in compounds.

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

     

    the shape of the Hun bow

    HanjaEdit

    (gung)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (McCune-Reischauer: kung, Yale: kwung)
      • Name (hangeul):
    1. (:궁, hwal:gung): bow (for shooting arrows)

    CompoundsEdit

    Related termsEdit

    See alsoEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (cung, cong, củng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.