Glyph origin Edit
) - pictographic representation of a bow.
Possibly related to
Proto-Tibeto-Burman *kuːŋ ( “ tree, branch, stem ” ) ( Coblin, 1986), semantically connected with the shape of a bent tree branch. Cognate with Burmese ကိုင် ( kuing, “ to bend over; to be bent ” ), အကိုင် ( a.kuing, “ stalk; branch ” ), Tedim Chin [script needed] ( kung¹, “ tree ” ), Jingpho kung ( “ to branch; to grow ” ), la kung ( “ branch; limb ” ), Lepcha [script needed] ( kóng, “ branch ” ), [script needed] ( kúng, “ tree ” ) (STEDT).
Schuessler (2007) proposes that both Old Chinese ( 弓 ) and OC *kʷɯŋ Proto-Tibeto-Burman are derived from *kuːŋ Proto-Mon-Khmer , whence *koŋ Nyah Kur [script needed] ( kóoŋ, “ bent (in the middle) ” ), Mon ကိုၚ် ( “ to be bent ” ), Khmer កោង ( kaong, “ to bend; to be bent ” ), Khasi pyrkhung ( “ to bend; to arch ” ), Pear kuŋ ( “ bend ” ), Vietnamese cong ( “ to be bent, curved ” ).
Proto-Tibeto-Burman *ku(ː)m ( “ arched; vaulted ” )
( 肱 , “(upper) arm”) and OC *kʷɯːŋ ( 穹 , “arched; vault; sky”).
bow ( weapon )
curved; arched to arch; to bend
grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji
Etymology 1 Edit
. In modern Old Japanese , only found as a prefix in compounds. Japanese  
弓 ( hiragana , ゆ rōmaji )
yu- a bow, a bow shape
Derived terms Edit
Etymology 2 Edit
): Four different types of
, arrows, and arrow-stand.
. Appears in the Old Japanese (c. 759 Man'yōshū ). A surface analysis suggests a combination of CE Old Japanese yu (see above) + suffixing element mi, itself of uncertain derivation.
弓 ( hiragana , ゆみ rōmaji )
( weaponry ) a bow for shooting arrows ( music ) a bow for playing a stringed instrument such as a violin or cello
( Shinto ) a type of kagura (sacred Shinto song and dance) intended to drive away evil short for
破 ( は ) 魔 ( ま ) 弓 ( ゆみ ) ( hama yumi ): a ceremonial archery bow with the power to dispel evil a bow
shape, a curve a bow-shaped tool used to beat ginned cotton into a softer and finer textile
Coordinate terms Edit ( archery ) : ( 矢 や, ): an ya arrow
Derived terms Edit ロングボウ ( , rongubō “ longbow ” )
Further reading Edit
Etymology 3 Edit
torashi, 連用形 ( ren'yōkei, “ stem or continuative form ” ) of verb torasu, from tora as the 未然形 ( mizenkei, “ incomplete form ” ) of verb 取る ( toru, “ to take ” ) + す ( su, honorific suffix in Old Japanese ). Original meaning was “something kept to hand”.  
Alternative forms Edit
弓 ( hiragana , たらし rōmaji )
( rare , honorific ) an archery bow, particularly one belonging to a noble
Etymology 4 Edit
Middle Chinese ( 弓 ). MC kɨuŋ  Compare modern  Mandarin 弓 ( gōng ).
弓 ( hiragana , きゅう rōmaji )
( rare ) a bow
( obsolete ) in ancient Chinese archery, a unit of length for measuring the distance between the archer and the target; one kyū was equal to six 尺 ( shaku ), roughly six feet or 182 centimeters ( obsolete ) in ancient China, a unit of length for surveying land; one kyū was equal to eight 尺 ( shaku ), roughly eight feet or 242 centimeters
Usage notes Edit
, the reading Japanese kyū is most often found in compounds.
Derived terms Edit
↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2
1988, (in Japanese), 国語大辞典（新装版） (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) Tōkyō: Shogakukan
↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4
2006, , Third Edition (in Japanese), 大辞林 ( ) Daijirin Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
1998, (in Japanese), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 ( ) NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN