Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形):  ‎((bowing figure)) +  – as with 氏, but a line underneath: a bowing figure standing on the ground.

Han characterEdit

(radical 83 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹心一 (HPM) or 竹女心戈 (HVPI), four-corner 72740, composition or ⿱)

  1. Di nationality in ancient China

Usage notesEdit

As a component of complex characters, may have sense of “down, low” from the bowing, stooping figure, as in and ; compare more abstract .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 597, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17027
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2130, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6C10

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (9) (5)
Final () (17) (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɣiɪ/ /tei/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈɯi/ /tei/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiɪ/ /tɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈji/ /tɛj/
Li
Rong
/ȶji/ /tei/
Wang
Li
/ȶi/ /tiei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi/ /tiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tej › ‹ tejX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤij/ /*tˤijʔ/
English Western tribes bottom

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2235 2262
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tiːl/ /*til/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. name of an ancient tribe

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeo) (hangeul , revised jeo, McCune-Reischauer chŏ, Yale ce)

  1. the foundation, the basis, the origin
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