U+6C10, 氐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C10

[U+6C0F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C11]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 83, +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹心一 (HPM) or 竹女心戈 (HVPI), four-corner 72740, composition(G) or ⿱(HTJK))

Usage notesEdit

As a component of complex characters, may have sense of “down, low” from the bowing, stooping figure, as in and ; compare more abstract .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 597, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17027
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2130, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6C10

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Pictogram (象形): ((bowing figure)) + – as with 氏, but with an empty circle (then a line, today either a line or a point) underneath: a bowing figure standing on the ground or depicted while lifting something from the ground.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (5)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tei/
Pan
Wuyun
/tei/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛj/
Li
Rong
/tei/
Wang
Li
/tiei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dai1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tej ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁij/
English Western tribes

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 2235
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tiːl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Di (ethnic group)
  2. (astronomy) Root (Chinese constellation)
  3. Original form of (, “to lower; to bow”).
  4. Original form of (, “cheap; inexpensive”).
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tejX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁijʔ/
English bottom

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 2262
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*til/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary) Original form of (, “root of a tree”).
  2. (literary) Original form of (, “basis; fundamental”).
  3. (literary) Original form of (, “to reach; to arrive”).
  4. (literary) Original form of (, “to match; to be equal to”).
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (9)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈji/
Li
Rong
/ȶji/
Wang
Li
/ȶi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zi1

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 氐池 (“an ancient county”).

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. Di (ancient ethnic group in western China)

ReadingsEdit

(Can we verify(+) this pronunciation?)

From Middle Chinese (MC ʈˠiɪ, “Di; Root mansion”):

  • Go-on: だい (dai)
  • Kan-on: たい (tai); てい (tei)

From Middle Chinese (MC *ʈiɪ, “basis, fundamental”):

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
てい
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ʈˠiɪ), compare modern Mandarin ().

Used in Old Japanese as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨te⟩.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(てい) (Tei

  1. (Chinese astronomy) Root, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
    Synonyms: 氐宿 (Teishū, Tei-shuku), とも星 (Tomoboshi)
  2. (historical) Di: an ancient ethnic group in western China
    Hypernym: 五胡 (Goko)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (jeo))

  1. foundation; basis; origin

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: đê

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit