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JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
つよ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

May be a newer term than kowai below; now the more common term for strong. Found in texts from at least CE 859.[1]

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

強い (-i inflection, hiragana つよい, rōmaji tsuyoi)

  1. strong, durable, powerful
    • 2006 April 15, Anzai, Nobuyuki, “AKTアクト.139/ ウォーゲームさいしゅうけっせん アランVSバーサス.ハロウィン② [AKT.139/ War Games Final Battle: Alan VS. Halloween ②]”, in MÄRメル MÄRCHEN AWAKENS ROMANCE [MÄR: MÄRCHEN AWAKENS ROMANCE], volume 13 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-120125-3, page 153:
       (よわ) (やつ) (つよ) (やつ) () (せい)になるのは (ひつ) (ぜん)なんだ
      Yowai yatsu ga tsuyoi yatsu no gisei ni naru no wa hitsuzen nan da
      It’s inevitable that the weak become sacrifices for the strong
InflectionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
こわ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] Appears in the Nihon Shoki, c. CE 720.

Cognate with 怖い (kowai, scary, frightening), apparently from the sense of freezing from fright.[1][2] Likely also cognate with other terms beginning with ko- and related to senses of hard, stiff, such as 凝る (koru, to stiffen), 凍ゆ (koyu, to freeze, to become frozen, classical) → modern 凍える (kogoeru).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

強い (-i inflection, hiragana こわい, rōmaji kowai, historical hiragana こはい)

  1. hard, tough, stiff
  2. stubborn
InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9