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EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English tough, towgh, tou, toȝ, from Old English tōh (tough, tenacious, holding fast together; pliant; sticky, glutinous, clammy), from Proto-Germanic *tanhuz (fitting; clinging; tenacious; tough), from Proto-Indo-European *denḱ- (to bite). Cognate with Scots teuch (tough), North Frisian tōch, tūch (tough), Dutch taai (tough), Low German tage, taag, taë, taa (tough), German zäh (tough), dialectal German zach (tough; boring).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

tough (comparative tougher, superlative toughest)

  1. Strong and resilient; sturdy.
    The tent, made of tough canvas, held up to many abuses.
  2. (of food) Difficult to cut or chew.
    To soften a tough cut of meat, the recipe suggested simmering it for hours.
  3. Rugged or physically hardy.
    Only a tough species will survive in the desert.
  4. Stubborn.
    He had a reputation as a tough negotiator.
  5. (of weather etc) Harsh or severe.
  6. Rowdy or rough.
    A bunch of the tough boys from the wrong side of the tracks threatened him.
  7. (of questions, etc.) Difficult or demanding.
    This is a tough crowd.
  8. (material science) Undergoing plastic deformation before breaking.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

InterjectionEdit

tough

  1. (slang) Used to indicate lack of sympathy
    If you don't like it, tough!

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

tough (plural toughs)

  1. A person who obtains things by force; a thug or bully.
    They were doing fine until they encountered a bunch of toughs from the opposition.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

tough (third-person singular simple present toughs, present participle toughing, simple past and past participle toughed)

  1. To endure.
  2. To toughen.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English tough; see also "taff".

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

tough (comparative tougher, superlative am toughsten or am toughesten)

  1. (slang) Alternative form of taff: tough; robust; assertive and not overly sensitive

DeclensionEdit

declension with am toughsten
declension with am toughesten

Further readingEdit