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U+5F37, 強
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F37

[U+5F36]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F38]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 57 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈中戈 (NILI), four-corner 13236, composition𧈧 or ⿸)

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaŋʔ
*kaŋʔ
*kaŋʔ
*kaŋʔ
*ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ
*ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ

Zhengzhang (2003): Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ): phonetic  (OC *kaŋs, *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ) + semantic  (insect).

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaŋ, *ɡaŋʔ): phonetic  (OC *ɡʷɯːŋ) + semantic  (insect).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • kiang3 - "clever", "good at";
  • gion5 - "superior;
  • better" (giên5 - Chaozhou).
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: kiang5 / kiang3 / gion5 / giên5
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: khiâng / khiàng / kiôⁿ / kiêⁿ
    • IPA (key): /kʰiaŋ⁵⁵/, /kʰiaŋ²¹³/, /kĩõ⁵⁵/, /kĩẽ⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (30)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɡiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiáng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 10318
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaŋ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. strong; powerful; energetic
  2. to strengthen
  3. staunch; strong-willed
  4. brutal; forceful
    乘客下機 / 乘客下机  ―  qiángtuō chéngkè xiàjī  ―  to forcefully drag a passenger off the plane
  5. capable; of a high level
  6. superior; better
  7. slightly more than; plus
  8. (Teochew) clever
  9. (Teochew) good at
AntonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. to force; to compel; to coerce
    /   ―  miǎnqiǎng  ―  to force somebody to do something
  2. to strive

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (30)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/ɡiaŋX/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiàng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 10319
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaŋʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. hard; stiff
  2. stubborn; obstinate
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. strong
  2. powerful
  3. potent

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana つよし, rōmaji Tsuyoshi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

CompoundsEdit

AdverbEdit

(càng)

  1. With a comparative or verb phrase, establishes a parallel with one or more other such comparatives.
    • 18th–19th century: Hồ Xuân Hương, "Vịnh quạt" [1][2]
      (càng)(nóng)(bao)(nhiêu)(thời)(càng)(mát)/(yêu)(đêm)(chưa)(phỉ)(lại)(yêu)𣈜(ngày)
      The hotter you get, the more refreshing you get / It wasn’t enough to love at night, now we love during the day.
  2. all the more, all the less

ReferencesEdit

  • Lê Sơn Thanh, "Nom-Viet.dat", WinVNKey (details)
  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999