JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling 賞でる (rare)

EtymologyEdit

⟨me2du⟩⟨me2duru⟩ → */məɨduru//mederu/

From Old Japanese verb 愛づ (medu).[1][2]

Natural progression from Old Japanese 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, lower bigrade conjugation) verbs ending in -u to modern Japanese 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, lower monograde conjugation) verbs ending in -eru.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

()でる (mederu) (transitive, ichidan conjugation, stem () (mede), past ()でた (medeta))

  1. to love
    (はな)()でる
    hana o mederu
    to love flowers
    Synonyms: 愛しむ (itsukushimu), 好む (konomu)
    Antonyms: 厭う (itou), 嫌う (kirau), 憎む (nikumu)
  2. to adore
    Synonyms: 愛おしむ (itooshimu), 可愛がる (kawaigaru)
  3. to admire, to appreciate
    Synonyms: 感心する (kanshin suru), 誉める (homeru)

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN