ChineseEdit

lax; negligent
 
idle; lazy; negligent
idle; lazy; negligent; careless
trad. (懈怠)
simp. #(懈怠)

PronunciationEdit


AdjectiveEdit

懈怠

  1. slack; sluggish; remiss

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (懈怠):

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
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Kanji in this term
かい
Hyōgaiji
たい
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 懈怠 (X doiX, literally idle + negligent). The kan'on, so likely a later borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

懈怠(かいたい) (kaitai

  1. (law) laches: a kind of lapse wherein an opposing party has neglected to invoke its rights within a certain period of time
  2. (civil law) negligence
  3. laziness, idleness, carelessness
Usage notesEdit

The Japanese Wikipedia article 懈怠 (法学) describing the legal laches and negligence senses uses the ketai reading. However, dictionaries tend to list kaitai as the primary reading for the legal senses.[1][2]

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
たい
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 懈怠 (X doiX, literally idle + negligent). A mixed reading, so likely a later development within Japanese. Uses the goon of ke for the first half, and the kan'on of tai for the second half.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

懈怠(けたい) (ketai

  1. laziness, idleness, carelessness
  2. (law) laches: a kind of lapse wherein an opposing party has neglected to invoke its rights within a certain period of time
  3. (civil law) negligence
  4. (Buddhism) spiritual slothfulness: kausidya
Usage notesEdit

The kedai reading below is more common for the Buddhist spiritual slothfulness sense.

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

懈怠(けたい)する (ketai surusuru (stem 懈怠(けたい) (ketai shi), past 懈怠(けたい)した (ketai shita))

  1. to be lazy, to be careless
ConjugationEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
だい
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 懈怠 (X doiX, literally idle + negligent). The goon, so likely the original borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

懈怠(けだい) (kedai

  1. (Buddhism) spiritual slothfulness: kausidya
  2. laziness, idleness, carelessness
Usage notesEdit

The ketai reading above is more common for the laziness sense.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN