See also:
U+61F6, 懶
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-61F6

[U+61F5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+61F7]
U+F90D, 懶
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F90D

[U+F90C]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F90E]
懶 U+2F8B1, 懶
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F8B1
懲
[U+2F8B0]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 成
[U+2F8B2]

Translingual

edit

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 61, +16, 19 strokes, cangjie input 心木中金 (PDLC), four-corner 97086, composition )

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 408, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11455
  • Dae Jaweon: page 749, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2368, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+61F6

Chinese

edit
trad.
simp.
2nd round simp. 𰑐
alternative forms 𰌙
ancient

⿰忄阑

Glyph origin

edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *raːnʔ) : semantic (heart) + phonetic (OC *raːds).

Etymology 1

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

edit

Note:
  • lán - literary;
  • nōa - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter lanX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lanX/
Li
Rong
/lɑnX/
Wang
Li
/lɑnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
laan5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ lanX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[N-kə.]rˁanʔ/
English lazy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7638
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raːnʔ/
Notes

Definitions

edit

  1. lazy; indolent; slothful
    弟弟非常一點家務不會 [MSC, trad.]
    弟弟非常一点家务不会 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ de dìdi fēicháng lǎn, yīdiǎn jiāwù dōu bùhuì zuò. [Pinyin]
    My younger brother is really lazy; he doesn't do any chores.
    唔好 [Cantonese, trad.]
    唔好 [Cantonese, simp.]
    nei5 m4 hou2 gam3 laan5 laa1. [Jyutping]
    Don't be so lazy.
  2. sluggish; drowsy
  3. (often with ) too lazy to do something; not feeling like doing something
Synonyms
edit
  • (lazy):
  • (sluggish):
Compounds
edit

Descendants

edit
  • Proto-Tai: *ɡraːnꟲ² (lazy)

Etymology 2

edit
For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character is a variant form of ).

Japanese

edit

Kanji

edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. languid
  2. be lazy
  3. be negligent

Readings

edit

References

edit

Korean

edit

Hanja

edit

(eum (ra), word-initial (South Korea) (na))

(eum (ran), word-initial (South Korea) (nan))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

edit

Han character

edit

: Hán Nôm readings: lại, lãn, lớn, lười

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.