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See also:
U+61F6, 懶
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-61F6

[U+61F5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+61F7]
U+F90D, 懶
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F90D

[U+F90C]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F90E]
懶 U+2F8B1, 懶
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F8B1
懲
[U+2F8B0]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 成
[U+2F8B2]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +16, 19 strokes, cangjie input 心木中金 (PDLC), four-corner 97086, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 408, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11455
  • Dae Jaweon: page 749, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2368, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+61F6

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms ⿰忄兰 second round simplified

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raːds
*raːds
*raːds, *raːd
*raːds
*raːds
*raːds, *reːdʔ, *raːd
*raːnʔ
*raːnʔ
*r̥ʰaːd, *hr'aːd

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lán - literary;
  • nōa - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lanX/
Li
Rong
/lɑnX/
Wang
Li
/lɑnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lǎn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ lanX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[N-kə.]rˁanʔ/
English lazy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7638
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raːnʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. lazy; indolent; slothful
  2. sluggish; drowsy

Usage notesEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • (lazy):
Dialectal synonyms of 懶惰 (“lazy”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , , ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 懶惰
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou ,
Hong Kong ,
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 懶屍
Liudui (S. Sixian) 懶屍
Hsinchu (Hailu) 懶屍
Dongshi (Dabu) 懶屍
Hsinchu (Raoping) 懶屍
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 懶屍
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou , 懶屍, 懶漢, 二婿
Min Nan Xiamen 貧惰, 臭惰, 懶屍, 荏懶, 懶賤, 漚肉
Quanzhou 貧惰, 臭惰, 荏懶, 臭肉, 漚肉
Zhangzhou 貧惰, 臭惰, 懶屍, 荏懶, 想死, 懶賤, 漚肉
Taipei 荏懶, 貧惰, 懶屍
Kaohsiung 荏懶, 貧惰, 懶屍
Tainan 荏懶, 貧惰, 懶屍
Taichung 貧惰
Hsinchu 貧惰
Lukang 貧惰
Sanxia 荏懶, 貧惰, 懶屍
Yilan 荏懶, 貧惰, 懶屍
Kinmen 貧惰
Magong 貧惰
Penang 荏懶, 貧惰
Philippines (Manila) 貧惰
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou , 懶怕
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. languid
  2. be lazy
  3. be negligent

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ra>na, ran>nan) (hangeul >, >, revised ra>na, ran>nan, McCune–Reischauer ra>na, ran>nan, Yale la>na, lan>nan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lại, lãn, lớn, lười)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.