比例

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Grade: 4

EtymologyEdit

From (hi, ratio) + (rei, put side by side)

NounEdit

比例 (hiragana ひれい, romaji hirei)

  1. proportion, ratio

CompoundsEdit

  • 比例に応じて (hirei ni ōjite): proportional
  • 比例区 (hireiku): proportionally represented constituency
  • 比例式 (hireishiki): proportional expression
  • 比例税 (hireizei): proportional tax
  • 比例中項 (hirei chūkō): mean proportional
  • 比例配分 (hirei haibun): proportional distribution
  • 比例代表制 (hirei daihyō sei): proportional representation
  • 名簿式比例代表制 (meibo-shiki hirei daihyō sei): proportional representation system in which votes are cast for a publicly available list of party members
  • 拘束名簿式比例代表制 (kōsoku meibo-shiki hirei daihyō sei): proportional representation electoral system
  • 非拘束名簿式比例代表制 (hi-kōsoku meibo-shiki hirei daihyō sei): proportional representation system in which both party and individual votes are cast
  • 小選挙区比例代表並立制 (shō-senkyoku hirei daihyō heiritsu sei): electoral system comprised of single-seat and multiple-seat constituencies
  • 逆比例 (gyakuhirei): inverse proportion to
  • 正比例 (seihirei): direct proportion
  • 単比例 (tanpirei): simple proportion
  • 定比例 (teihirei): fixed proportion
  • 反比例 (hanpirei): inverse proportion
  • 複比例 (fukuhirei): compound proportion
  • 定比例の法則 (teihirei no hōsoku): law of definite proportions
  • 倍数比例の法則 (baisū hirei no hōsoku): law of multiple proportions

VerbEdit

比例 + する (hiragana ひれいする, romaji hirei suru)

  1. be proportional, be in proportion

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

Often this verb is used in the past tense, 比例した, to mean commensurate or proportionate, or in the -te form 比例して to mean "in proportion." As such it expresses concepts with a verb that are usually expressed with other parts of speech in English.


MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin bǐlì
Zhuyin ㄅㄧˇ ㄌㄧˋ
IPA (key) /pi²¹⁴⁻²¹¹ li⁵¹/
Audio
(file)
Homophones
筆力/笔力
比例

NounEdit

比例 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin bǐlì)

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) proportion
Last modified on 9 April 2014, at 12:53