# 比例

## Chinese

side by side; compare; to gesture
side by side; compare; to gesture; than; ratio

example; precedent; rule
example; precedent; rule; case; instance
simp. #(比例)

### Etymology

Original sense attestable in Classical Chinese. The mathematics sense is believed to have been coined by Matteo Ricci.[1]

### Noun

1. (mathematics) ratio; proportion
持股比例  ―  chígǔ bǐlì  ―  equity ratio
男女比例失衡  ―  nánnǚ bǐlì shīhéng  ―  sex ratio imbalance
2. proportion; percentage; share
3. (cartography) scale

#### Derived terms

 不成比例 (bùchéngbǐlì) 反比例 (fǎnbǐlì) 按分比例 正比例 (zhèngbǐlì) 比例代表制 (bǐlìdàibiǎozhì) 比例尺 (bǐlìchǐ) 配分比例 比例稅／比例税 (bǐlìshuì)

### References

1. ^ Huang Heqing (黃河清), 利玛窦对汉语的贡献, 2003

## Japanese

Kanji in this term

れい
on’yomi

### Noun

()(れい) (hirei

1. proportion, ratio

### Verb

()(れい)する (hirei surusuru (stem ()(れい) (hirei shi), past ()(れい)した (hirei shita))

1. be proportional, be in proportion

#### Usage notes

Often this verb is used in the past tense, 比例した, to mean "commensurate" or "proportionate", or in the -te form 比例して to mean "in proportion." As such it expresses concepts with a verb that are usually expressed with other parts of speech in English.

## Korean

Hanja in this term

### Noun

1. Hanja form? of 비례 ().

## Vietnamese

Hán tự in this term

### Noun

1. chữ Hán form of tỉ lệ ().