See also: and
U+6BD4, 比
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6BD4

[U+6BD3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6BD5]
U+2F50, ⽐
KANGXI RADICAL COMPARE

[U+2F4F]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F51]

Translingual

edit
Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 81, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心心 (PP), four-corner 21710, composition ⿰⿺𠄌(GHT) or 𠃏(GHT) or ⿰⿱(JKV))

  1. Kangxi radical #81, .

Derived characters

edit

Descendants

edit

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 590, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16743
  • Dae Jaweon: page 982, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1415, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6BD4

Chinese

edit
trad.
simp. #
alternative forms ancient

Glyph origin

edit
Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (man) + – to juxtapose.

Pronunciation 1

edit


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi²¹⁴/
Harbin /pi²¹³/
/pʰi²¹³/
Tianjin /pi¹³/
Jinan /pi⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pi⁵³/
Xi'an /pi⁵³/
Xining /pji⁵³/
Yinchuan /pi⁵³/
Lanzhou /pi⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /pi⁵¹/
Wuhan /pi⁴²/
Chengdu /pi⁵³/
Guiyang /pi⁴²/
Kunming /pi⁵³/
Nanjing /pi²¹²/
Hefei /pz̩²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /pi⁵³/
Pingyao /pi⁵³/
Hohhot /pi⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /pi³⁵/
Suzhou /pi⁵¹/
Hangzhou /pi⁵³/
Wenzhou /pei³⁵/
Hui Shexian /pi³⁵/
Tunxi /pi³¹/
Xiang Changsha /pi⁴¹/
Xiangtan /pi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /pi²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pi³¹/
Taoyuan /pi³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pei³⁵/
Nanning /pi³⁵/
Hong Kong /pei³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /pi⁵³/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /pi³²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /pi²¹/
Shantou (Teochew) /pi⁵³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /ʔbi²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/5
Initial () (1)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter pjijX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/piɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/piX/
Shao
Rongfen
/pjɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/piX/
Li
Rong
/piX/
Wang
Li
/piX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/piX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
bei2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.pijʔ/
English compare

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/5
No. 511
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*piʔ/

Definitions

edit

  1. to compare; to contrast; to have a contest
      ―  xiàng  ―  to compare
      ―    ―  contest in martial arts skill
    別人 [MSC, trad.]
    别人 [MSC, simp.]
    Bié ná wǒ gēn biérén . [Pinyin]
    Don't compare me to others.
    我們 [MSC, trad.]
    我们 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒmen liǎ , kàn shéi pǎo de kuài! [Pinyin]
    We shall have a race to see who runs faster!
    不足 [MSC, trad.]
    不足 [MSC, simp.]
    shàng bùzú, xià yǒu yú [Pinyin]
    to fall short of the best but be better than the worst
  2. to liken; to draw an analogy to
    我們人生馬拉松 [MSC, trad.]
    我们人生马拉松 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒmen cháng bǎ rénshēng zuò mǎlāsōng. [Pinyin]
    We always liken life to a marathon race.
  3. to emulate; to copy; to imitate
  4. to match; to be equal
    得上  ―  déshàng  ―  to compare favourably with
    今非昔  ―  jīnfēixī  ―  to no longer be what one was before (literally, “the present cannot compare with the past”)
  5. to be the ratio of; ... to ...
      ―  sān  ―  1:3
  6. indicating the score of a match
    現在现在  ―  Xiànzài jǐ jǐ?  ―  What's the score now?
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    Jiǎ duì yǐ yī èr bài gěi yǐ duì. [Pinyin]
    Team 甲 lost to team 乙 by 1 to 2.
  7. to gesticulate; to gesture
      ―  lián shuō dài   ―  to gesticulate as one talks
    手畫腳手画脚  ―  shǒuhuàjiǎo  ―  to illustrate with the help of gestures
  8. metaphor; analogy
  9. ratio; proportion
    師生师生  ―  shīshēng   ―  teacher-student ratio
    性價性价  ―  xìngjià  ―  price–performance ratio
  10. than; more ... than; -er compared to
      ―  wǒ gāo.  ―  She is taller than me.
    今年夏天去年 [MSC, trad.]
    今年夏天去年 [MSC, simp.]
    Jīnnián xiàtiān qùnián rè duō le. [Pinyin]
    This summer is much hotter than the last one
    妹妹 [MSC, trad.]
    妹妹 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ mèimèi wǒ xiǎo sān suì. [Pinyin]
    My sister is 3 years younger than me.
  11. Short for 比利時比利时 (Bǐlìshí, “Belgium”).

Compounds

edit

Pronunciation 2

edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/5 4/5
Initial () (3) (1)
Final () (15) (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Baxter bjijH pjijH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biɪH/ /piɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/biH/ /piH/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjɪH/ /pjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/biH/ /piH/
Li
Rong
/biH/ /piH/
Wang
Li
/biH/ /piH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱiH/ /piH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
bei6 bei3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*pij-s/
English combine; all

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 4/5 2/5
No. 542 521
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bis/ /*pis/

Definitions

edit

  1. to be next to; to be near to; to stand close together; to lie next to
  2. to cling to; to collude with
  3. intimate; close; friendly
  4. dense; closely packed
  5. harmonious; melodious
  6. all; completely
  7. lately; recently
  8. frequently; repeatedly
  9. until; till
  10. eighth hexagram of the I Ching

Compounds

edit

Pronunciation 3

edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/5
Initial () (3)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter bjij
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/bi/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bi/
Li
Rong
/bi/
Wang
Li
/bi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
pei4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/5
No. 531
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
𣬈
Old
Chinese
/*bi/

Definitions

edit

  1. Used in 比蒲 (“placename”).
  2. Used in 皋比 (“tiger skin”).
  3. Used in 師比师比 (shībǐ, “ancient belt hook”).

Compounds

edit

Pronunciation 4

edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 5/5
Initial () (3)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter bjit
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/bit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bit̚/
Li
Rong
/biĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/bĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
bat6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 5/5
No. 547
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*biɡ/

Definitions

edit

  1. close; near
  2. dense; closely packed

Pronunciation 5

edit

Definitions

edit

  1. Alternative form of (, to have; to possess)

Japanese

edit

Kanji

edit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

edit

Compounds

edit

Etymology 1

edit
Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(compare)

Noun

edit

() (hi

  1. a ratio
Derived terms
edit
Idioms
edit

Affix

edit

() (hi

  1. comparison, match, equal
  2. ratio
  3. Short for フィリピン (Firipin): the Philippines
Derived terms
edit

Etymology 2

edit
Kanji in this term
ころ
Grade: 5
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry: ころ

(The following entry is uncreated: ころ.)

Korean

edit

Hanja

edit

(eumhun 견줄 (gyeonjul bi))

  1. Hanja form? of (comparison).

Vietnamese

edit

Han character

edit

: Hán Nôm readings: tỉ, tị, , Bỉ

  1. chữ Hán form of tỉ (compare).
  2. chữ Hán form of Bỉ (Belgium (a country in Western Europe that has borders with the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg and France)).

Compounds

edit