|emperor; surname||ancestor; forefather; grandparents||[deceased] father|
|simp. and trad.
- (archaic) a posthumous name for grandfathers in Zhou rituals
祭王父曰皇祖考，王母曰皇祖妣。父曰皇考，母曰皇妣。夫曰皇辟。生曰父、曰母、曰妻，死曰考、曰妣、曰嬪。 [MSC, trad.]
祭王父曰皇祖考，王母曰皇祖妣。父曰皇考，母曰皇妣。夫曰皇辟。生曰父、曰母、曰妻，死曰考、曰妣、曰嫔。 [MSC, simp.]
- From: The Book of Rites, Qu Li II, 122
- Jì wángfù yuē huángzǔkǎo, wángmǔ yuē huángzǔbǐ. Fù yuē huángkǎo, mǔ yuē huángbǐ. Fū yuē huángpì. Shēng yuē fù, yuē mǔ, yuē qī, sǐ yuē kǎo, yuē bǐ, yuē pín. [Pinyin]
- In sacrificing to them, a grandfather is called "the sovereign grandfather"; a grandmother, "the sovereign grandmother"; a father, "the sovereign father"; a mother, "the sovereign mother"; a husband, "the sovereign pattern". While alive, the names of father, mother, and wife are used; when they are dead, those of "the completed one", "the corresponding one", and "the honored one".