TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
祭-oracle.svg 祭-bronze.svg 祭-bigseal.svg 祭-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(meat) +  ‎(hand) +  ‎(altar, ceremony) – the hand offers a piece of meat at the altar during a ceremony.

Note that the top is not . The left part is ⺼ twisted to the left (compare , ). The right part (which looks like 又 without the tail to the left) actually a simplified form of hand, which was written originally like (three fingers on the arm), with the tail tilted to the right and the leftmost fingers disappearing).

In Japanese handwriting, the diagonals of the upper right component cross: the short upper-right to lower-left stroke crosses the long upper-left to lower-right stroke, rather than abutting there.

Han characterEdit

(radical 113 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月人一一火 (BOMMF), four-corner 27901)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 843, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24700
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1263, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2397, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+796D

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (祭), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 祭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 子例切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siᴇiH/ /t͡si̯ɛiH/ /t͡siɛiH/ /t͡siɛiH/ /t͡siajH/ /t͡sĭɛiH/ /t͡sjæiH/
Character (祭), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 莊 (18)
Final: 皆
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 側界切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɣɛiH/ /ʈ͡ʂăiH/ /t͡ʃɛiH/ /ʈ͡ʂɯæiH/ /ʈ͡ʂəɨjH/ /t͡ʃɐiH/ /t͡ʃɐiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tsjejH › /*[ts]et-s/ sacrifice
zhài ‹ tsrɛjH › /*[ts](ˤ)re[t]-s/ (name of a state)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5838 2 /*ʔsreːds/
5839 2 /*ʔsleds/

NounEdit

  1. a ceremony where one offers sacrifices to one's ancestors

VerbEdit

  1. to make offerings to, to sacrifice to, to worship

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. festival

ReadingsEdit

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(je, chae) (hangeul , , revised je, chae, McCune-Reischauer che, ch'ae, Yale cey, chay)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tế, sái)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language