U+7956, 祖
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7956

[U+7955]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7957]
U+FA50, 祖
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA50

[U+FA4F]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA51]
祖 U+2F953, 祖
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F953
𥘦
[U+2F952]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𥚚
[U+2F954]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 113, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈火月一 (IFBM), four-corner 37210, composition(GHTJV) or ⿰(K))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 841, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24664
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1260, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2391, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7956

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsaːʔ): semantic + phonetic (OC *sʰjaːʔ, *ʔsa). Specialization of . See there for more.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡suoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡suoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡soX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɔX/
Li
Rong
/t͡soX/
Wang
Li
/t͡suX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˁaʔ/
English ancestor

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10398
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsaːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ancestor; forebear; forefather
  2. grandparent; grandfather or grandmother
  3. A surname​. Zu

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. founder

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (tsuX, ancestor).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

() (so

  1. ancestor

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡suoX). Recorded as Middle Korean 조〮 (Yale: cwo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 할아버지 (harabeoji jo))

  1. Hanja form? of (grandfather; ancestor).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

NounEdit

  1. Hán tự form of tổ.

CompoundsEdit