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TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 113 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈火月一 (IFBM), four-corner 37210, composition(GHTJV) or ⿰(K))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 841, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24664
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1260, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2391, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7956

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
zaːl, *zaː
zlaːl, *sʰaːʔ
rnaː, *ʔsraː
ʔsjaː, *zaʔ
ʔsjaː, *ʔsas, *zaʔ
ʔsjaː
ʔslja, *ʔsraːʔ
ʔsjaːʔ
ʔsljaːʔ, *ljaːʔ, *ʔsraː
ʔsjaːʔ
sʰjaːʔ, *ʔsa
sʰjaːs, *sʰa
sʰjaːs
ʔsraː, *zraː, *zraː
ʔsraː
ʔsraː
ʔsraː
ʔsraː
zraː
zraː, *ʔsa, *ʔsaʔ, *sʰa
ʔslaːŋʔ, *zaːʔ
ʔsaː
ʔsaː, *ʔsaːʔ, *sʰa
ʔsaːʔ
ʔsaːʔ
ʔsaːʔ
ʔsaːʔ
sʰaː, *zaːʔ
zaː
zaː
zaːʔ, *zras
zaːʔ, *sʰa
ʔsa, *sʰa
ʔsa, *ʔsas, *sʰa, *zaʔ, *ʔsra
ʔsaʔ, *zaʔ
sʰa
sʰa
sʰa, *sʰas
sʰa
sʰa
sʰa, *sʰas
sʰas
sʰas
sʰas
zaʔ
das
ʔsra
ʔsra
ʔsraʔ, *ʔsras
ʔsraʔ
ʔsraʔ, *ʔsras
zra, *zraʔ
zra
zra
zra, *zras
zraʔ
zras

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsaːʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sʰjaːʔ, *ʔsa). Specialization of . See there for more.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡suoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡suoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡soX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɔX/
Li
Rong
/t͡soX/
Wang
Li
/t͡suX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤaʔ/
English ancestor

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10398
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsaːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ancestor; forebear; forefather
  2. grandparent; grandfather or grandmother
  3. A surname​. Zu

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. founder

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (tsuX, ancestor).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji so)

  1. ancestor

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

NounEdit

  1. Hán tự form of tổ

CompoundsEdit