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ChineseEdit

 
red; revolutionary; prosperity; bonus; popular
 
flower; blossom; to spend; fancy pattern
trad. (紅花)
simp. (红花)
anagram 花紅花红
 
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PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

紅花

  1. red flower (in general)
  2. (specifically) safflower (Carthamus tinctorius)
  3. (specifically) ornamental red rosette or pompon flower worn on the chest on celebratory occasions

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

紅花

  1. () Honghua (a village in Zhonglu, Lichuan, Enshi, Hubei, China)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
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Kanji in this term
べに
Grade: 6
はな > ばな
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Compound of  (べに) (beni, crimson) +  (はな) (hana, flower). The hana changes to bana as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

紅花 (hiragana べにばな, katakana ベニバナ, rōmaji benibana)

  1. safflower (Carthamus tinctorius)
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 6

Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 紅花 (MC ɦuŋ hˠua).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

紅花 (hiragana こうか, rōmaji kōka, historical hiragana こうくわ)

  1. (literally) red- or crimson-colored flower
  2. safflower (Carthamus tinctorius)

Proper nounEdit

紅花 (hiragana こうか, rōmaji Kōka, historical hiragana こうくわ)

  1. A female given name

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
べに
Grade: 6

Grade: 1
jūbakoyomi

 (べに) (beni, crimson) +  () (ka, flower).

Proper nounEdit

紅花 (hiragana べにか, rōmaji Benika, historical hiragana べにくわ)

  1. A female given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN