See also: 蜗牛

ChineseEdit

land snail ox; cow; bull
trad. (蝸牛)
simp. (蜗牛)
 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Initial () (28) (28) (31)
Final () (32) (99) (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed Open
Division () II II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠuɛ/ /kˠua/ /ŋɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚæ/ /kʷᵚa/ /ŋiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuæi/ /kua/ /ŋiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨj/ /kwaɨ/ /ŋuw/
Li
Rong
/kuɛ/ /kua/ /ŋiu/
Wang
Li
/kwai/ /kwa/ /ŋĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwai/ /kwa/ /ŋi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guā guā

NounEdit

蝸牛

  1. land snail

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ぎゅう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 蝸牛 (kwæ ngjuw, literally snail + cow).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蝸牛(かぎゅう) (kagyū (historical kana くわぎう)

  1. a snail
  2. (anatomy) cochlea
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
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Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Grade: 2
Irregular

Alteration of katatsuburi, in turn a compound of (kata, stem of adjective 固い (katai, hard)) + つぶり (tsuburi, small round thing, cognate with (tsuburi, head), (tsubu, grain or kernel of rice)).[2][1]

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

蝸牛(かたつむり) (katatsumuri

  1. a snail
    • 1999 March 18, “デビルツムリ [Devilsnail]”, in Starter Box(スターターボックス), Konami:
      (やみ)(ちから)(しん)()したカタツムリ()(あし)があり、(はや)(うご)ける。
      Yami no chikara de shinka shita katatsumuri. Te ya ashi ga ari, hayaku ugokeru.
      A snail that evolved with the help of dark power. It can move quickly now that it has limbs.
    • 2000 April 20, “メカニカルスネイル [Mechanical Snail]”, in Magic Ruler -魔法の支配者-, Konami:
      ()(かい)(かい)(ぞう)されたカタツムリ。しかし、スピードはあまり()わらない。
      Kikai ni kaizō sareta katatsumuri. Shikashi, supīdo wa amari kawaranai.
      A snail that was mechanically enhanced, which didn’t make it any quicker.
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as カタツムリ.

SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Grade: 2
Irregular

Alteration of ででむし (dedemushi, snail), itself a compound of でで (dede, from (de, come out), from an old children's nursery rhyme calling for a snail to put out its eyestalks) + (mushi, bug).[2][1]

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

蝸牛(でんでんむし) (dendenmushi

  1. a snail

CompoundsEdit

Compounds with irregular readings

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

蝸牛 (wau) (hangeul 와우)

  1. Hanja form? of 와우 (snail).