See also: and 𓃾
U+725B, 牛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-725B

[U+725A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+725C]
U+2F5C, ⽜
KANGXI RADICAL COW

[U+2F5B]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F5D]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative forms edit

  • (U+725C) - used as a left radical component (not a standalone character)
  • 𠂒 (U+20092) - sometimes used as a top component

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 93, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹手 (HQ), four-corner 25000, composition 𠂉)

  1. Kangxi radical #93, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №19

Derived characters edit

See also edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 697, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19922
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1108, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1800, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+725B

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠂒
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
  • (Classical)
  • (Southern Min)
  • (Wu)

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         

Pictogram (象形) .

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋwa.

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • ngù - colloquial;
  • ngiù - literary.
Note:
  • gû - colloquial;
  • giû/ngiû - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /niou³⁵/
Harbin /niou²⁴/
Tianjin /niou⁴⁵/
Jinan /ȵiou⁴²/
Qingdao /niou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /niou⁴²/
/ou⁴²/
Xi'an /niou²⁴/
Xining /ȵiɯ²⁴/
Yinchuan /niəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵiou⁵³/
Ürümqi /ȵiɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /niəu²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵiəu³¹/
Guiyang /niəu²¹/
Kunming /niəu³¹/
Nanjing /liəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /liɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /niəu¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵiəu¹³/
Hohhot /niəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiɤ²³/
Suzhou /ȵiɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵiø²¹³/
Wenzhou /ŋau³¹/
Hui Shexian /niu⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵiu⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵiəu¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵiəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiu⁴⁵/
/ŋiɛu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋiu¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋiu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋɐu²¹/
Nanning /ŋɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /ŋɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /giu³⁵/
/gu³⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /ŋu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /niu³³/
Shantou (Teochew) /gu⁵⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /ku³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter ngjuw
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋuw/
Li
Rong
/ŋiu/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ngau4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
niú
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ʷə/ (< uvular?)
English ox

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9564
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋʷɯ/

Definitions edit

  1. bovine, e.g. cow, bull, ox, buffalo, bison, yak (Classifier: m c mb md;  m g h x;  m c g mn w x)
  2. beef
    乾炒干炒  ―  gānchǎo niú  ―  beef chow fun
    [Cantonese]  ―  daan6-2 ngau4-2 zi6 [Jyutping]  ―  beef and egg sandwich
  3. stubborn; pigheaded
  4. (colloquial) arrogant
  5. (Mainland China, Mandarin, slang) awesome; powerful
      ―  niú  ―  [vulgar] awesome
      ―  niúrén  ―  an awesome person
  6. (~宿) (Chinese astronomy) Ox (one of Twenty-Eight Mansions)
  7. (physics) Short for 牛頓牛顿 (niúdùn, “newton”).
  8. (Hong Kong Cantonese, computing) Short for 火牛 (“transformer”). (Classifier: c)
  9. a surname
      ―  Niú Sēngrú  ―  Niu Sengru (Tang politician)

Synonyms edit

  • (beef): 牛肉 (niúròu)
  • (awesome):
  • (transformer):

Descendants edit

  • Wutunhua: nek

Compounds edit

See also edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
  1. cow, ox, cattle

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
うし
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *Osi.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(うし) or (ウシ) (ushi

  1. cow, bull, ox, cattle, a domestic bovine
    Synonyms: (dialectal, Tohoku) べこ, (dialectal, Akita, Sendai, Shimokita, Tsugaru) べご, (dialectal, Kagoshima) べぶ
    • 1999 November 18, “(ぎゅう)()(じん)”, in Vol.6, Konami:
      (もり)()(うし)()(じん)。ツノを()()(とっ)(しん)して(こう)(げき)
      Mori ni sumu ushi no majin. Tsuno o tsukidashi tosshin shite kōgeki.
      A bovine jinn who resides in the woods. He’ll charge at you and stick you with his horns.
    • 1999 December 1, “ミノタウルス [Minotaurus]”, in BOOSTER 6, Konami:
      すごい(ちから)()ウシ(かい)(ぶつ)。オノひと()りで(なに)でもなぎ(たお)す。
      Sugoi chikara o motsu ushi no kaibutsu. Ono hitofuri de nani demo nagitaosu.
      A bovine monster with tremendous power who chops up anyone in his way with one axe swing.
  2. beef
Usage notes edit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as ウシ.

Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
ぎゅう
Grade: 2
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (ngjuw, cow). Compare Hokkien (giû / ngiû).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(ぎゅう) (gyūぎう (giu)?

  1. cow, bull, ox, cattle
  2. beef
  3. (astronomy) Ox

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun (so u))

  1. Hanja form? of (cow).

Compounds edit

Okinawan edit

Kanji edit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
うし
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Proto-Ryukyuan *Osi, from Proto-Japonic *Osi.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(うし) (ushi

  1. cow, cattle

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • うし【牛】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: ngưu, ngọ, ngỏ, ngõ, ngâu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yonaguni edit

Kanji edit

(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Ryukyuan *Osi, from Proto-Japonic *Osi.

Noun edit

(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

  1. cow, cattle

References edit

  • うち【牛】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.