See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
牛-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a left Radical)

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
牛-oracle.svg 牛-bronze.svg 牛-silk.svg 牛-bigseal.svg 牛-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形)

Han characterEdit

(radical 93 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹手 (HQ), four-corner 25000)

  1. Kangxi radical №93
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №19

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 697, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19922
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1108, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1800, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+725B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋwa.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /niou³⁵/
Harbin /niou²⁴/
Tianjin /niou⁴⁵/
Jinan /ȵiou⁴²/
Qingdao /niou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /niou⁴²/
/ou⁴²/
Xi'an /niou²⁴/
Xining /ȵiɯ²⁴/
Yinchuan /niəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵiou⁵³/
Ürümqi /ȵiɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /niəu²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵiəu³¹/
Guiyang /niəu²¹/
Kunming /niəu³¹/
Nanjing /liəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /liɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /niəu¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵiəu¹³/
Hohhot /niəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiɤ¹³/
Suzhou /ȵiɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵiø²¹³/
Wenzhou /ŋau³¹/
Hui Shexian /niu⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵiu⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵiəu¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵiəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiu⁴⁵/
/ŋiɛu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋiu¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋiu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋɐu²¹/
Nanning /ŋɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /ŋɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giu³⁵/
/gu³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /niu³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /gu⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ku³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨu/ /ŋi̯ə̯u/ /ŋiu/ /ŋiu/ /ŋuw/ /ŋĭəu/ /ŋiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
niú ‹ ngjuw › /*[ŋ]ʷə (< uvular?)/ ox

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9564 0 /*ŋʷɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. cow, bull, ox, buffalo (general name for bovine animals)
  2. beef
    牛肉 (niúròu)
  3. stubborn, pigheaded
  4. arrogant
  5. (slang) awesome, powerful
    牛屄 (niúbī), 牛人
  6. (astronomy) the Ox, a Chinese constellation near Capricorn
    玄武 (Xuánwǔ), 二十八宿 (Èrshíbā Xiù)
  7. (physics, abbreviation) Newton (unit); contraction of 牛頓牛顿 (Niúdùn)
  8. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. cow, ox, cattle

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
うし
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana うし, katakana ウシ, romaji ushi)

  1. cow, bull, ox, cattle
  2. beef
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ウシ.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ぎゅう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ngjuw, cow).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ぎゅう, romaji gyū, historical hiragana ぎう)

  1. cow, bull, ox, cattle
  2. beef
  3. (astronomy) Ox

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(u)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana うし, romaji ushi)

  1. cow, cattle

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngưu, ngọ, ngỏ, ngõ, ngâu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

  1. cow, cattle
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