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See also:
U+866B, 虫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-866B

[U+866A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+866C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 142, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 中一戈 (LMI), four-corner 50136)

  1. Kangxi radical #142, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1076, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32804
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1545, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2833, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+866B

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

 
A venomous snake, from which this character originated.
Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hŋuːl, *hŋruːl, *hŋlulʔ
*hŋuːl
鼿 *hŋuːl, *ŋuːd
*hŋlulʔ
*ŋ̊ʰuːn
*ŋod, *ŋuːd
*ŋod, *ŋuːd
*ŋuːd
*ŋuːd
*ŋuːd
*ŋluːd

Pictogram (象形): a snake.

The character originally represented a type of venomous snake, while the derivative represented worms and insects (or insect-like things). was later borrowed for (possibly via simplification), and the character was created to represent the original meaning.

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“insect; bug; animal; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“venomous snake; sick; ambitionless”).
(This character, , is an ancient form of .)

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. insect, bug

ReadingsEdit

As shinjitai kanji "虫" (insect):

CompoundsEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

As character component "虫":

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
むし
Grade: 1
kun’yomi
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana むし, katakana ムシ, rōmaji mushi)

  1. an insect, a bug, a worm
  2. a serpent, a snake
     () () (しん) (ちゅう) (むし)
    shishi shinchū no mushi
    a serpent in a lion
  3. (figuratively): a worm; a person living for only one thing
     (ほん) (むし)
    hon no mushi
    a bookworm
  4. (derogatory): a worm; a despicable person
     () (むし)
    nakimushi
    a sobbing worm; a blubberer
  5. a temperament; thought which is in the deep in mind
     (かん) (むし)
    kan no mushi
    a choleric temperament

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN