See also: 银杏

ChineseEdit

silver; money apricot
trad. (銀杏)
simp. (银杏)
 
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PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

銀杏

  1. () ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba, tree)
  2. ginkgo nut

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (銀杏):
  • Japanese: 銀杏(ぎんなん) (ginnan)
  • Korean: 은행 (銀杏, eunhaeng)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
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Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
ちょう
Jinmeiyō
Irregular

/it͡ɕijau//it͡ɕjɔː//it͡ɕoː/

Borrowing from Chinese 鴨腳 (yājiǎo, ginkgo) around the Muromachi period.

There is an Edo-period folk etymology that the original derivation was 一葉 (ichiyō, literally a single leaf), but from the historical kana usage, 一葉 would be read as いちえふ (ichi-efu)いてふ (itefu), instead of いちやう (i-chau).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

()(ちょう) (ichō (historical kana いちやう)

  1. the ginkgo tree, Ginkgo biloba
  2. an arrowhead in the shape of a ginkgo leaf
  3. Short for 銀杏頭 (ichō-gashira): an Edo-period hairstyle, with the topknot in the shape of a ginkgo leaf, today usually associated with higher-ranked sumo wrestlers
  4. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with a motif of various styles of gingko leaves
Usage notesEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ぎん
Grade: 3
あん > なん
Jinmeiyō
kan’on tōon

Attested around the mid-12th century.

Borrowing from Middle Chinese 銀杏 (MC ŋˠiɪn ɦˠæŋX), utilizing the 唐音 (tō'on, Tang sound) of (an), as in 杏子 (anzu, apricot).

The an changes to nan as an instance of renjō (連声).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ぎん)(なん) (ginnan

  1. Ginkgo biloba
    1. the ginkgo tree
    2. a ginkgo nut or seed
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ぎん
Grade: 3
きょう
Jinmeiyō
kan’on kan’yōon

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ぎん)(きょう) (ginkyō

  1. Ginkgo biloba
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN