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See also: 银杏

Contents

ChineseEdit

silver; money apricot
trad. (銀杏)
simp. (银杏)
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
銀杏

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

銀杏

  1. Ginkgo biloba

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (銀杏):
  • Japanese:  (ぎん) (なん) (ginnan)
  • Korean: 은행 (銀杏, eunhaeng)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
Grade: 3 Jinmeiyō
Irregular

/it͡ɕijau//it͡ɕjɔː//it͡ɕoː/

Borrowing from Chinese 鴨腳 (yājiǎo, ginkgo) around the Muromachi period.

There is an Edo-period folk etymology that the original derivation was 一葉 (ichiyō, literally a single leaf), but from the historical kana usage, 一葉 would be read as いちえふ (ichi-efu)いてふ (itefu), instead of いちやう (i-chau).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

銀杏 (hiragana いちょう, katakana イチョウ, rōmaji ichō, historical hiragana いちやう, historical katakana イチヤウ)

  1. the ginkgo tree, Ginkgo biloba
  2. an arrowhead in the shape of a ginkgo leaf
  3. Short for 銀杏頭 (ichō-gashira): an Edo-period hairstyle, with the topknot in the shape of a ginkgo leaf, today usually associated with higher-ranked sumo wrestlers
  4. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with a motif of various styles of gingko leaves
Usage notesEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ぎん
Grade: 3
あん > なん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

Attested around the mid-12th century.

Borrowing from Middle Chinese 銀杏 (MC ŋˠiɪn ɦˠæŋX), utilizing the 唐音 (tō'on, Tang sound) of (an), as in 杏子 (anzu, apricot).

The an changes to nan as an instance of renjō (連声).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

銀杏 (hiragana ぎんなん, rōmaji ginnan)

  1. Ginkgo biloba
    1. the ginkgo tree
    2. a ginkgo nut or seed
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN