See also: and
U+674F, 杏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-674F

[U+674E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6750]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 木口 (DR), four-corner 40609, composition)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 511, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14461
  • Dae Jaweon: page 896, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1160, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+674F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (wood) + (mouth) – perhaps referring to the tastiness of its fruit.

Shuowen considers it to be a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡraːŋʔ): semantic (wood) + abbreviated phonetic (OC *kʰaːlʔ), but this is unlikely.

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit


Note: xìngr - the fruit.
Note:
  • hen4 - vernacular;
  • xin4 - literary.
  • (Dungan)
    (Note: Dungan pronunciation is currently experimental and may be inaccurate.)
  • Cantonese
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕiŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /ɕiŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /ɕiŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /ɕiŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /ɕiŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ɕiŋ³¹²/
    /xəŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /xəŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /xə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /xəŋ¹³/
    /ɕiŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɕĩn¹³/
    Ürümqi /xɤŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɕin³⁵/
    Chengdu /xən¹³/
    Guiyang /ɕin²¹³/
    Kunming /ɕĩ¹/
    Nanjing /ɕin⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ɕin⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /ɕiŋ³⁵/
    /ɕie̞³⁵/ ~核
    Hohhot /ɕĩŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦã²³/
    Suzhou /ɦã³¹/
    Hangzhou /ɦin¹³/
    Wenzhou /ɦiɛ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃²²/
    Tunxi /xɛ²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕin⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /ɕin⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕin²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /hen⁵³/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐŋ²²/
    Nanning /hɐŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /hɐŋ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɛiŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xaiŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /heŋ³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xeŋ³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (109)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠæŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦᵚaŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣaŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦaɨjŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣɐŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɐŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣɐŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hèng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xìng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hængX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.[ɡ]ˁraŋʔ/
    English apricot (tree)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13879
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡraːŋʔ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. apricot

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    きょう
    Jinmeiyō
    kan’yōon

    /kjau//kjɔː//kjoː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦˠæŋX).

    AffixEdit

    (きょう) (kyō (historical kana きやう)

    1. apricot
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    あんず
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    杏子あんず
    [noun] an apricot, especially the Armenian plum, Prunus armeniaca
    Alternative spellings
    , アンズ
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 살구 (salgu haeng))

    1. Hanja form? of (apricot).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hạnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.