See also: 欝金 and 郁金

ChineseEdit

dense (growth); melancholy metal; gold; money
trad. (鬱金)
simp. (郁金)
 
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EtymologyEdit

  This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Related to Arabic كركم(kurkum, saffron)? Most likely from Sanskrit कुङ्कुम (kuṅkuma, saffron).”

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (34) (28)
Final () (60) (140)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨut̚/ /kˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiut̚/ /kᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuət̚/ /kiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔut̚/ /kjim/
Li
Rong
/ʔiuət̚/ /kjəm/
Wang
Li
/ĭuət̚/ /kĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯uət̚/ /ki̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yu jīn

NounEdit

鬱金

  1. zedoary, the root of Curcuma zedoaria (used as an herb in traditional Chinese medicine)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (鬱金):
  • Japanese: 鬱金(うこん) (ukon); 鬱金(うっこん) (ukkon)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S こん
Grade: 1
Irregular goon
 
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Wikipedia

/uk̚koɴ//ukoɴ/

Shift from ukkon below.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

鬱金(うこん) (ukon

  1. the turmeric, Curcuma longa
    Synonyms: 黄染草 (kizomegusa), ターメリック (tāmerikku)
    Hypernym: 生姜 (shōga)
  2. a dye extracted from the rhizome of the turmeric
  3. Short for 鬱金色 (ukon-iro): saffron yellow
  4. Short for 鬱金桜 (ukonzakura): a 里桜 (satozakura) cultivar, Prunus lannesiana
Usage notesEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
うち > うっ
Grade: S
こん
Grade: 1
goon

/utɨ komʉ//uk̚komʉ//uk̚koɴ/

From Middle Chinese 鬱金 (MC ʔɨut̚ kˠiɪm).

NounEdit

鬱金(うっこん) (ukkon

  1. (archaic) the turmeric, Curcuma longa
  2. Short for 鬱金色 (ukkon-iro): saffron yellow
  3. Short for 鬱金香 (ukkonkō): a tulip
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN