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See also:
U+90C1, 郁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90C1

[U+90C0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90C2]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 163, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 大月弓中 (KBNL) or X大月弓中 (XKBNL), four-corner 47227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1270, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39371
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1769, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3766, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+90C1

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːʔ
*qʰɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯs
*ɢʷɯʔ, *qʷɯ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs, *ɡʷɯ
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*qʰʷɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯːʔ, *ɡʷɯː
*ɡʷɯː
*ɢraːw, *ɢʷɯːʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*qʷɯ
*qʷɯ
*ɡʷɯ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʷɯ): phonetic  (OC *ɢʷɯʔ) + semantic .

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𨚼 (Chinese terms with obsolete senses|郁]]) [[Category
𨟝 Used in 馥𨟝

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hiok - vernacular;
  • iok - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
    Harbin /y⁵³/
    Tianjin /y⁵³/
    Jinan /y²¹/
    Qingdao /y⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
    Xi'an /y⁴⁴/
    Xining /y²¹³/
    Yinchuan /y¹³/
    Lanzhou /y¹³/
    Ürümqi /y²¹³/
    Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
    Chengdu /yo³¹/
    /y³¹/
    Guiyang /iu²¹/
    Kunming /iu³¹/
    Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
    Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
    Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /yəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ioʔ⁵/
    /yɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /ioʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /ʔyəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /j̠ɤu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /iuʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /y⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /y²⁴/
    Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /iut̚¹/
    Taoyuan /vut̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚⁵/
    Nanning /juk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /jok̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔk̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /øyʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hiok̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zok̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔiuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔuwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yu
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʷək/
    English stately, elegant

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15615
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʷɯ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Used in 郁夷 (“name of an ancient county in modern-day Shaanxi province”).
    2. sweet-smelling; rich in aroma; fragrant
    3. Alternative form of (, “adorned; elegant; ornate”).
    4. Alternative form of (, “oriental bush berry”).
    5. Alternative form of (, “warm”).
    6. fruit which lacks a kernel or stone inside
    7. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“lush; luxuriant; exuberant; dense; thick; various; abundant; profuse; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 3Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(Cantonese) to move”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. culture, cultural progress
    2. fragrance, perfume

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    いく
    Jinmeiyō
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨuk̚).

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana いく, rōmaji iku)

    1. fragrant; sweet-smelling
    2. cultured; refined

    Etymology 2Edit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana かおる, rōmaji Kaoru)

    1. A unisex given name

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (uk) (hangeul , revised uk, McCune–Reischauer uk, Yale wuk)

    1. sweet smelling
    2. rich in aroma

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: hóc

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit