See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 𩰪

Han characterEdit

(radical 192 +19, 29 strokes, cangjie input 木木月山竹 (DDBUH), four-corner 44722, composition ⿳⿲)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1458, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45671
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1990, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 858, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+9B31

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
Xi'an /y⁴⁴/
Xining /y²¹³/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
/y³¹/
Guiyang /iu²¹/
Kunming /iu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ioʔ⁵/
/yɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /ioʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔyəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /j̠ɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /y⁵/
Xiang Changsha /y²⁴/
Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /iut̚¹/
Taoyuan /vut̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚⁵/
Nanning /juk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jok̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /øyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zok̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɨut̚/ /ʔi̯uət̚/ /ʔiuət̚/ /ʔiut̚/ /ʔut̚/ /ĭuət̚/ /ʔiuət̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔjut › /*qut/ blocked; anxious

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16057 2 /*qud/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. luxuriant
  2. dense, thick
  3. moody
  4. (Cantonese) to move
  5. (Cantonese) to hit



JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. depression, gloom, melancholy

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

TriviaEdit

鬱 has, at 29 strokes, the most strokes of any kanji in the jōyō kanji list or kanji kentei level pre-1.[1] The next highest kanji in the jōyō list is , at 23 strokes.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Crazy kanji: what’s the highest stroke count?, Nihonshock, 2009 Oct 22

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ul) (hangeul , revised ul, McCune-Reischauer ul, Yale wul)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(uất)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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