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U+9B31, 鬱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9B31

[U+9B30]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9B32]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 192, +19, 29 strokes, cangjie input 木木月山竹 (DDBUH), four-corner 44722, composition ⿳⿲)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1458, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45671
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1990, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 858, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+9B31

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qud
*qud
*qud
*qud

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qud): semantic  + phonetic 𩰪.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (60)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨut̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiut̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔut̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔiuət̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯uət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjut ›
Old
Chinese
/*qut/
English blocked; anxious

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16057
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qud/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. lush; luxuriant; exuberant; dense; thick
  2. various; abundant; profuse
  3. deep; obscure; profound
  4. to gather; to stagnate; to become stagnant
  5. depressed; gloomy; moody
  6. melancholy; depression
  7. to begrudge; to resent; to feel aggrieved
  8. hot air (rising); steam
  9. a kind of plum
  10. name of a god
  11. tall and big
  12. putrid; putrefied
  13. tulip; fragrant grass
    alt. forms: 𩰪,
  14. () name for a branch of the Pearl River, including the You River, Yu River and the Xun River in Guangxi, as well as the Xi River downstream in Guangdong
  15. () name of an ancient Chinese prefecture
  16. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. depression, gloom, melancholy

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

TriviaEdit

鬱 has, at 29 strokes, the most strokes of any kanji in the jōyō kanji list or kanji kentei level pre-1.[1] The next highest kanji in the jōyō list is , at 23 strokes.

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
うつ
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨut̚).

AdjectiveEdit

(-na inflection, hiragana うつ, rōmaji utsu)

  1. depressing
     (うつ) (きょく)
    utsu na kyoku
    depressing song
  2. depressed
     (うつ) () (ぶん)
    utsu na kibun
    gloomy mood
     (うつ)なりそう
    utsu ni narisō
    to be almost depressed about something

NounEdit

(hiragana うつ, rōmaji utsu)

  1. (psychiatry) depression
     (うつ)克服 (こくふく)する
    utsu o kokufuku suru
    overcome depression

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ul) (hangeul , revised ul, McCune–Reischauer ul, Yale wul)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(uất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.