黄葉づ

(Redirected from 黄葉ず)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
もみ
Grade: 2 Grade: 3
jukujikun

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

⟨mo(1)mi1tu⟩ → */mʷomʲitu/ → */moʷmʲidu//momid͡ʑu//momizu/

Shift from Old Japanese verb 黄葉つ (momitu → momitsu), from 四段活用 (yodan katsuyō, quadrigrade conjugation) to 上二段活用 (kami nidan katsuyō, upper bigrade conjugation) in Middle Japanese.[1][2]

The kanji spelling means 黄葉 (yellow + leaf).

VerbEdit

黄葉づ(もみず) (momizuintransitive nidan (historical kana もみづ)

  1. (of leaves, archaic) to change colors in autumn (usually in the case of the kanji, "to yellow", as opposed to , "to redden")
    • 905, Kokin Wakashū (book 6, poem 340)
      (ゆき)()りて(とし)()れぬる(とき)にこそつひにもみぢぬ(まつ)()えけれ
      yuki furite toshi no kurenuru toki ni koso tsui ni momijinu matsu mo miekere
      It is in the season when the year draws to a close beneath falling snow that the pine reveals itself unaltered in hue to the end.[3]
    Synonym: 黄葉する (kōyō suru, momiji suru)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Esperanza U. Ramirez-Christensen (1994) Heart's Flower: The Life and Poetry of Shinkei, annotated edition, Stanford University Press, →ISBN, page 411