紅葉づ

(Redirected from 紅葉ず)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
もみ
Grade: 6 Grade: 3
jukujikun

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

⟨mo(1)mi1tu⟩ → */mʷomʲitu/ → */mʷomʲidu//momid͡ʑu//momizu/

Shift from Old Japanese 四段活用 (yodan katsuyō, quadrigrade conjugation) verb 紅葉つ (momitu → momitsu). Realized as the 上二段活用 (kami nidan katsuyō, upper bigrade conjugation) in Middle Japanese.[1][2]

The kanji spelling is from 紅葉 (red, crimson + leaf).

VerbEdit

紅葉づ(もみず) (momizuintransitive nidan (historical kana もみづ)

  1. (of leaves, archaic) to turn (change colors) in autumn
    • 905914, Kokin Wakashū (book 15, poem 820)
      時雨(しぐれ)つつもみづるよりも(こと)()(こころ)(あき)にあふぞわびしき
      shiguretsutsu momizuru yori mo koto no ha no kokoro no aki ni au zo wabishiki
      Still more saddening than the leaves of trees changing in year-end drizzles―the encounter of old vows with the autumn of your love.[3]
    Synonym: 紅葉する (kōyō suru, momiji suru)

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Helen Craig McCullough (1985) Kokin Wakashū: The First Imperial Anthology of Japanese Poetry, with Tosa Nikki and Shinsen Waka, illustrated, reprint edition, Stanford University Press, →ISBN, page 178