See also: , , and
U+8449, 葉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8449

[U+8448]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+844A]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿心廿木 (TPTD), four-corner 44904, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1044, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31387
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1504, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3243, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+8449

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljeb, *leb): semantic  (grass) + phonetic  (OC *leb, flat).

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-lap (leaf). Cognate with Tibetan ལོ་མ (lo ma, leaf), Western Tibetan ལོབ་མ (lob ma, leaf), Jingpho lap (leaf). Related to (OC *hljebs, “world”).

This is part of the word family *lVp meaning “flat”, represented by the phonetic component (OC *leb). Compare also (OC *rlaː, “tea < *leaf”).

PronunciationEdit


Note: yiap5 - surname.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɛ⁵¹/
Harbin /iɛ⁵³/
Tianjin /ie⁵³/
Jinan /iə²¹/
Qingdao /iə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /iɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /iɛ²¹/
Xining /i⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ie¹³/
Lanzhou /iə¹³/
Ürümqi /iɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /ie²¹³/
Chengdu /ie³¹/
Guiyang /ie²¹/
Kunming /iɛ³¹/
Nanjing /ieʔ⁵/
Hefei /iɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iəʔ²/
Pingyao /iʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /iaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦiɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦiəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦiəʔ²/
Wenzhou /ji²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ie²²/
Tunxi /ia¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ie²⁴/
Xiangtan /ie²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /iɛʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /iap̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒɑp̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jip̚²/
Nanning /jip̚²²/
Hong Kong /jip̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iap̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ieʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sia⁴²/
/xiɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iap̚⁵/
/hioʔ⁵/ 訓讀
Haikou (Min Nan) /iap̚³/
/hio³³/ 訓箬

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (155)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiᴇp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɛp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/jæp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiap̚/
Li
Rong
/iɛp̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭɛp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ɛp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yep ›
Old
Chinese
/*l[a]p/
English leaf

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 11561
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*leb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. leaf; petal
  2. page of book
  3. era; epoch
  4. (southern Wu, Min) wing
  5. () Ye (a village in Likou, Qimen, Huangshan, Anhui, China)
  6. A surname​.
SynonymsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Tagalog: Yap

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
Wikipedia has articles on:

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (26)
Final () (155)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiᴇp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɛp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjæp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiap̚/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɛp̚/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭɛp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ɛp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
she
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 11557
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljeb/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. () Ye County, Henan, China
  2. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɛ⁵¹/
Harbin /iɛ⁵³/
Tianjin /ie⁵³/
Jinan /iə²¹/
Qingdao /iə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /iɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /iɛ²¹/
Xining /i⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ie¹³/
Lanzhou /iə¹³/
Ürümqi /iɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /ie²¹³/
Chengdu /ie³¹/
Guiyang /ie²¹/
Kunming /iɛ³¹/
Nanjing /ieʔ⁵/
Hefei /iɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iəʔ²/
Pingyao /iʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /iaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦiɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦiəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦiəʔ²/
Wenzhou /ji²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ie²²/
Tunxi /ia¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ie²⁴/
Xiangtan /ie²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /iɛʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /iap̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒɑp̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jip̚²/
Nanning /jip̚²²/
Hong Kong /jip̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iap̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ieʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sia⁴²/
/xiɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iap̚⁵/
/hioʔ⁵/ 訓讀
Haikou (Min Nan) /iap̚³/
/hio³³/ 訓箬

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min) Alternative form of (“leaf”).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
(ha, ): sunlight through leaves.
Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

/pa//ɸa//ha/

From Old Japanese[1], from Proto-Japonic *pa.

Probably cognate with Old Japanese verb 生ゆ (hayu, to sprout, to grow) → modern 生える (haeru), and with (ha, feather; wing). Probably also cognate with (ha, tooth) from the way that both sprout and then later fall, and with (ha, blade) from similarities in shape. Compare English blade.

Cognate with Okinawan ().

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

() (ha (counter )

  1. leaf, needle, blade (of a plant)
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
よう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

/epu//efu//eu//yoː/

From Middle Chinese (MC jiᴇp̚, “leaf”).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(よう) ( (historical kana えふ)

  1. leaf, needle, blade (of a plant)
  2. a season, an age: a shorter period of time within a longer one
  3. an administration: the period of time during which a certain person holds a certain office

CounterEdit

(よう) (-yō (historical kana えふ)

  1. (rare) counter for flat, thin things such as leaves or paper
  2. (by extension) counter for small boats

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Further readingEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun (ip yeop))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

(eumhun 이름 (ttang ireum seop))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

(eumhun (chaek jeop))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

KunigamiEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Ryukyuan *pa, from Proto-Japonic *pa.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぱー, romaji phā)

  1. leaf

MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Ryukyuan *pa, from Proto-Japonic *pa.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぱー, romaji )

  1. leaf

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Ryukyuan *pa, from Proto-Japonic *pa. Cognate with mainland Japanese (ha).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ふぁー, rōmaji )

  1. leaf
    クロトンぬ(ふぁー)(いる)(じゅ)らさぬ、いくちん(あち)みてぃ(っゐー)らっとーん。
    Kuroton-nu -ya iru jurasanu, ikuchin achimiti 'wīrattōn.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ふぁー【葉】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • ファー” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(diệp, diếp, dợp, dớp, đẹp, giấp, giẹp, nhịp, riếp, dào)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

YaeyamaEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Ryukyuan *pa, from Proto-Japonic *pa.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぱー, romaji )

  1. leaf

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Ryukyuan *pa, from Proto-Japonic *pa.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana はー, romaji )

  1. leaf