Turkish edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Ottoman Turkishـی(, accusative case marker), itself from either Common Turkic *-g, *-ïg (accusative case marker) or simplified from Common Turkic *-nï (accusative case marker) to suit where oblique case is unnecessary for the accusative case, since the oblique case *-n- is not productive by itself and requires other cases. Compare Old Turkic𐰍(ǧ /⁠-(ï)ɣ⁠/), ⁧𐰃𐰍( /⁠-ïɣ⁠/).

Suffix edit

  1. definitive accusative suffix
    seni seviyorumI like you
    Kitabı istiyorumI want the book(accusative used)
    Kitap istiyorumI want a book(accusative not used)
Usage notes edit
  • It becomes -yı if the word ends with a vowel.
  • It becomes -nı when preceded by third person singular possessive suffix .
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Ottoman Turkishی(, possesive marker), from Proto-Turkic *-ï (possesive marker). Cognate with Old Turkic𐰃(i /⁠-ï⁠/).

Suffix edit

  1. 3rd person singular possessive suffix
Usage notes edit
  • Although it is believed to become -sı when the word ends with a vowel, this suffix probably comes from a different root.
Related terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Ottoman Turkishی(, adverbial suffix), from Proto-Turkic *-u. Cognate with Old Turkic𐰆(u /⁠-u⁠/).

Suffix edit

  1. (unproductive and limited to certain pattern and copula) Makes adverbs out of verbs
Related terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

Alternative forms edit

From Ottoman Turkishی(), from Proto-Turkic *-ïg.

Suffix edit

  1. Suffix creating nouns out of verbs
    tak- (to put on, attach) + ‎ → ‎takı (ornament, jewellery)
    say- (to count) + ‎ → ‎sayı (number)