TurkishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ottoman Turkish ـی(, accusative case marker), itself from either Common Turkic *-g, *-ïg (accusative case marker) or simplified from Common Turkic *-nï (accusative case marker) to suit where oblique case is unnecessary for the accusative case, since the oblique case *-n- is not productive by itself and requires other cases. Compare Old Turkic 𐰍(ǧ /-(ï)ɣ/), 𐰃𐰍( /-ïɣ/).

SuffixEdit

  1. accusative suffix
Usage notesEdit
  • It becomes -yı if the word ends with a vowel.
  • It becomes -nı when preceded by third person singular possessive suffix .
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Ottoman Turkish ی(, possesive marker), from Proto-Turkic *-ï (possesive marker). Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰃(i /-ï/).

SuffixEdit

  1. 3rd person singular possessive suffix
Usage notesEdit
  • Although it is believed to become -sı when the word ends with a vowel, this suffix probably comes from a different root.
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Ottoman Turkish ی(, adverbial suffix), from Proto-Turkic *-u. Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰆(u /-u/).

SuffixEdit

  1. (unproductive and limited to certain pattern and copula) Makes adverbs out of verbs
Related termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Alternative formsEdit

From Ottoman Turkish ی(), from Proto-Turkic *-ïg.

SuffixEdit

  1. Suffix creating nouns out of verbs
    tak- (to put on, attach) + ‎ → ‎takı (ornament, jewellery)
    say- (to count) + ‎ → ‎sayı (number)