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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Persian -yk' / 𐭩𐭪𐭩 (-īg) or Arabic ـِيّ (-iyy).



ـی (-i)

  1. Forms adjectives from nouns.
    تهران (Tehrân, Tehran) + ـی (-i) = تهرانی (Tehrâni, Tehrani)
    خورشید (xoršid, sun) + ـی (-i) = خورشیدی (xoršidi, solar)
  2. Forms surnames.
Usage notesEdit

ـی is the form that follows words ending in consonants. Adjectives ending in the short vowel ـه (-e) will use the form ـگی (-egi) for their derived nouns, while nouns ending in ـه (-e) will usually add the non-joining ای (-i) to form their derived adjectives. Both nouns and adjectives ending in the long vowels ـا () and ـو (-u) will use the form یی (-yi)

As a derivational suffix, ـی and the above-mentioned alternative forms take the stress in a word, as in خورشیدی (xoršidí, solar). As the marked indefinite or relative definite suffix, the stress remains on the root of the word, as in خورشیدی (xoršídi, a sun / the sun which)

Most Persian surnames end in this suffix.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Persian 𐭩𐭧 (-īh).



ـی (-i)

  1. Forms abstract nouns from adjectives.
    بزرگ (bozorg, big) + ـی (-i) = بزرگی (bozorgi, bigness)
    شیرین (širin, sweet) + ـی (-i) = شیرینی (širini, sweetness)
    جوان (javân, young) + ـی (-i) = جوانی (javâni, youth)

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Persian 𐭸 (ē(w)).



Dari ـی
Iranian Persian ـی
Tajik (-e)

ـی ()

  1. a, one