Ottoman TurkishEdit

SuffixEdit

ـی (-ı, -i, -u, -ü)

  1. 3rd-person possessive suffix
    قیامت كونی
    kıyamet günü

PersianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Persian -yk' / 𐭩𐭪𐭩(yky /-īg/), from Proto-Iranian *-akah, from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂kos, from a-stem suffix *-eh₂ + adjectival suffix *-kos. Later influenced by Arabic ـِيّ(-iyy).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

ـی (-i)

  1. Forms nouns or adjectives from nouns
    1. of or pertaining to
      خورشید(xoršid, sun) + ‎ـی → ‎خورشیدی(xoršidi, solar)
    2. one from or belonging to
      تهران(tehrân, Tehran) + ‎ـی → ‎تهرانی(tehrâni, Tehrani)
    3. Forms the word for a profession, and the place it is practiced, from the word for the person who practice it
      خیاط(xayyât, tailor) + ‎ـی → ‎خیاطی(xayyâti, tailoring; tailor shop)
    4. able to, capabale of being, deserved to be, determined to, and/or destined to
      خوردن(xordan, to eat) + ‎ـی → ‎خوردنی(xordani, edible)
      رفتن(raftan, to go) + ‎ـی → ‎رفتنی(raftani, destined to leave)
  2. Forms surnames.
Usage notesEdit

ـی‎ is the form that follows words ending in consonants. Adjectives ending in the short vowel ـه(-e) will use the form ـگی(-egi) for their derived nouns, while nouns ending in ـه(-e) will usually add the non-joining ای(-i) to form their derived adjectives. Both nouns and adjectives ending in the long vowels ـا() and ـو(-u) will use the form یی(-yi)

As a derivational suffix, ـی‎ and the above-mentioned alternative forms take the stress in a word, as in خورشیدی(xoršidí, solar). As the marked indefinite or relative definite suffix, the stress remains on the root of the word, as in خورشیدی(xoršídi, a sun / the sun which)

Most Persian surnames end in this suffix.

Derived termsEdit
Category Persian words suffixed with ـی not found

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Persian 𐭩𐭧(yḥ /-īh/).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

ـی (-i)

  1. Forms abstract nouns from adjectives.
    1. بزرگ(bozorg, big) + ‎ـی → ‎بزرگی(bozorgi, bigness)
      شیرین(širin, sweet) + ‎ـی → ‎شیرینی(širini, sweetness)
      جوان(javân, young) + ‎ـی → ‎جوانی(javâni, youth)

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Persian 𐭸(1 /ē(w)/), from Old Persian 𐎠𐎡𐎺 (a-i-v /aiva/), Proto-Iranian *Háywah, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háywas, from Proto-Indo-European *óywos. Compare Ancient Greek οἶος (oîos), and Avestan 𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀(aēuua).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

Dari Persian ـی
Iranian Persian
Tajik (-e)

ـی (-i)

  1. a, one; Marks a noun phrase as indefinite or non-specific, especially in the literary language.
    Synonym: (colloquial) یه(ye)
  2. Marks a noun phrase attributed by a subordinate clause as restrictive.
    ساختمانی که علی در آن زندگی می‌کند بزرگ است.‎‎
    sâxtemân-i ke ali dar ân zendegi mi-konad bozorg-ast.
    The building where Ali lives is big.
Contrast with:
آن ساختمان که علی در آن زندگی می‌کند بزرگ است.‎‎
ân sâxtemân ke ali dar ân zendegi mi-konad bozorg-ast.
That building, where Ali lives, is big.
Usage notesEdit

This suffix is attached as a suffix to a noun in a sentence and acts as the indefinite object marker. Most words use the non-joining ای(-i), unless the word ends in the long vowels ـا() and ـو(-u) or a non-joining consonant. For instance, “a house” would be خانه‌ای (xâne-yi), “a dog” would be سگ‌ای (sag-i), and “houses” would be خانه‌هایی (xâne-hâ-yi).


UrduEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit -𑀇𑀅 (-ia), from Sanskrit -इक (-ika, diminutive suffix) or Sanskrit -ईय (-īya, adjectival suffix). Later influenced through Persian by Arabic ـِيّ(-iyy, nisba suffix).

SuffixEdit

ـی () (Hindi spelling -ई)

  1. relating to, forms adjectives from nouns
    جوکھم(jokhim, risk) + ‎ـی → ‎جوکھمی(jokhimī, risky).

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from the nominative singular form of Sanskrit -इन् (-in, doer, possessor).

SuffixEdit

ـی (ī) (Hindi spelling -ई)

  1. doer, possessor
    ساتھ(sāth, company, support) + ‎ـی → ‎ساتھی(sāthī, companion, partner).
    روگ(rog, sickness, disease) + ‎ـی → ‎روگی(rogī, sick person, patient).

Etymology 3Edit

From Persian ـی(-i), from Middle Persian 𐭩𐭧(yḥ /-īh/).

SuffixEdit

ـی () (Hindi spelling -ई)

  1. forms abstract nouns from adjectives or common nouns
    روشن(rauśan, bright) + ‎ـی → ‎روشنی(rauśnī, brightness).
Derived termsEdit