Contents

PersianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Persian -yk' / 𐭩𐭪𐭩(-īg) and Arabic ـِيّ(-iyy).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

ـی ‎(-i)

  1. Forms adjectives from nouns.
    تهران(Tehrân, Tehran) + ـی(-i) = تهرانی(Tehrâni, Tehrani)
    خورشید(xoršid, sun) + ـی(-i) = خورشیدی(xoršidi, solar)
  2. Forms surnames.

Usage notesEdit

ـی is the form that follows words ending in consonants. Adjectives ending in the short vowel ـه(-e) will use the form ـگی(-egi) for their derived nouns, while nouns ending in ـه(-e) will usually add the non-joining ای(-i) to form their derived adjectives. Both nouns and adjectives ending in the long vowels ـا() and ـو(-u) will use the form یی(-yi)

As a derivational suffix, ـی and the above-mentioned alternative forms take the stress in a word, as in خورشیدی(xoršidí, solar). As the marked indefinite or relative definite suffix, the stress remains on the root of the word, as in خورشیدی(xoršídi, a sun / the sun which)

Most Persian surnames end in this suffix.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Persian 𐭩𐭧(-īh).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

ـی ‎(-i)

  1. Forms abstract nouns from adjectives.
    بزرگ(bozorg, big) + ـی(-i) = بزرگی(bozorgi, bigness)
    شیرین(širin, sweet) + ـی(-i) = شیرینی(širini, sweetness)
    جوان(javân, young) + ـی(-i) = جوانی(javâni, youth)

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Persian 𐭸(ē(w)).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

Dari ـی
Iranian Persian ـی
Tajik (-e)

ـی ‎()

  1. a, one