Etymology 1Edit

Form of -ālis with dissimilation of -l- to -r- after roots containing an l.

Alternative formsEdit


-āris m, f ‎(neuter -āre); third declension

  1. Used to form an adjective, usually from a noun, indicating a relationship or a pertaining to.
Usage notesEdit

The suffix -āris is added to a noun to form an adjective of relationship to that noun.

mīlitāris ‎(military, of a soldier), from mīles ‎(soldier)
oculāris ‎(ocular, of the eye), from oculus ‎(eye)
sōlāris ‎(solar, of the sun), from sōl ‎(sun)

If the root word or its stem does not contain an l, then the form -ālis generally is used instead. Sometimes both forms are found, e.g. līneālis and līneāris, from līnea ‎(line).


Third declension, neuter nominative singular in -e.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative -āris -āre -ārēs -āria
genitive -āris -āris -ārium -ārium
dative -ārī -ārī -āribus -āribus
accusative -ārem -āre -ārēs -āria
ablative -ārī -ārī -āribus -āribus
vocative -āris -āre -ārēs -āria
Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See -ō³ ‎(suffix forming regular first-conjugation verbs).

Alternative formsEdit



  1. second-person singular present passive indicative of
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