See also: ARI, Ari, ari, arı, arī, Ári, ári, arí, àrì, -arí, and -äri

BasqueEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Proto-Basque *-ali.

SuffixEdit

-ari

  1. Used to create names of occupations from nouns.
    olerki (poem) + ‎-ari → ‎olerkari (poet)
  2. Used in names of meals.
    gau (night) + ‎-ari → ‎afari (dinner)

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • Mitxelena, Koldo L. (1961) Fonética histórica vasca [Basque Historical Phonetics] (Obras completas de Luis Michelena; 1) (in Spanish), Diputación Foral de Guipuzkoa, published 1990, →ISBN, page 317
  • -ari” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ārius. Doublet of -er.

SuffixEdit

-ari m (feminine -ària, masculine plural -aris, feminine plural -àries)

  1. forms adjectives, from nouns, meaning “of or related to the suffixed nouns”
    revolució (revolution) + ‎-ari → ‎revolucionari (revolutionary)

Derived termsEdit


Further readingEdit


FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Old Norse -ari (suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs), from Middle Low German [Term?], from Latin -ārius.

SuffixEdit

-ari m (genitive singular -ara, plural -arar)

  1. -er, -or; (a masculine suffix used to form agent nouns from verb and noun stems)
    at baka (to bake) + -aribakari (a baker).

DeclensionEdit

Declension of -ari
m1 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative -ari -arin -arar -ararnir
accusative -ara -aran -arar -ararnar
dative -ara -aranum -arum -arunum
genitive -ara -arans -ara -aranna

Derived termsEdit


FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

See -ri.

SuffixEdit

-ari (front vowel harmony variant -äri)

  1. Variant of -ri; forms agent nouns.

Derived termsEdit



IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Old Norse -ari (suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs). This suffix is not Germanic, ultimately deriving from Latin -ārius through borrowings, and lives on in different guises in the Germanic languages, e.g., in the German -er, used for the same purpose.

SuffixEdit

-ari m (genitive singular -ara, plural -arar)

  1. -er, -or; (a masculine suffix used to form agent nouns from verb and noun stems)
    leika (to act) + -arileikari (an actor).

Derived termsEdit


ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-ari m or f

  1. plural of -are

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-ari m

  1. masculine plural of -aro

Etymology 3Edit

SuffixEdit

-ari m

  1. masculine plural of -ario

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ārī

  1. dative masculine singular of -āris
  2. dative feminine singular of -āris
  3. dative neuter singular of -āris
  4. ablative masculine singular of -āris
  5. ablative neuter singular of -āris
  6. ablative feminine singular of -āris
  7. present passive infinitive of

Old High GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz

SuffixEdit

-āri

  1. used to form agent nouns
    from nouns:buoch (book) + ‎-āri → ‎buochāri (scholar)
    from verbs:hëlfan (to help) + ‎-āri → ‎hëlfāri (helper)
Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit
  • Middle High German: -ære, -er
    • Alemannic German: -er
    • Cimbrian: -ar
    • German: -er
    • Luxembourgish: -er
    • Yiddish: ־ער(-er)

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *warjaz.

SuffixEdit

-āri

  1. used to form demonyms
    Baiāri (Bavarian)
    Romāri (Roman)
DescendantsEdit

Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed as part of Medieval Latin and Middle Low German words. In both cases, it stems from Latin -ārius. The suffix -ari replaced the native suffix -i which was used for agent nouns before: skytari (shooter, bowman) instead of skyti (shooter, bowman), both derived from skjóta (to shoot).[1]

SuffixEdit

-ari m

  1. a suffix used to create agent nouns from verbs; such as skytari (shooter, bowman), from skjóta (to shoot)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Olav Næs, Norsk Grammatikk — Ordlære, 1952; p. 246

Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz.

SuffixEdit

-āri

  1. Forms masculine agent nouns from verbs: -er
  2. Forms masculine agent nouns from other nouns: -er

DeclensionEdit


DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Köbler, Gerhard, Altsächsisches Wörterbuch, (5. Auflage) 2014

RomanschEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ārium, -ārius.

SuffixEdit

-ari

  1. -ary (nominal suffix)