- Care should be taken to distinguish occurrences of -arium from occurrences of -ium. For instance: elements such as barium and samarium have the -ium suffix.
Neuter substantive of -ārius.
- Used to form nouns denoting a "place where things are kept" from other nouns.
- -ārium of purpose: All usages of the -ārium suffix are properly neuter substantivisations for adjectives derived in -ārius from existing substantives. In most cases, the relationship between the two nouns is ‘place where;’ this usage has been productive in all periods of Classical and post-Classical Latin. In addition, the same suffix has continued to be used to designate novel items according to their purposes. This class constitute approximately a quarter of commonly used -ārium suffixations. Adjectives in -ārius are generally formed from numerals or nouns.
- -ārium by analogy: three commonly used nouns have been formed by analogy from adjectives or verbs:
- -ārium for re-substantivation: four commonly used nouns are re-substantivated versions of cognate nouns formed directly from the adjectives in -ārium: pampinārium (“vine tendril”), alveārium (“beehive”), cellārium (“pantry, cellar”), and fustuārium (“death by cudgeling”). With the exception of cellārium, which was first attested in the fourth century, the remaining words were likely coined prior to the first millennium.
Second-declension noun (neuter).
1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).
- English: -arium
See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.
- ^ Martial XI.xxxix