-chen

See also: chen, Chen, chēn, chén, chěn, and chèn

Contents

GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • -ken (colloquial in northern Germany and Westphalia)
  • -gen

EtymologyEdit

Native to the Central German dialects, -chen has widely replaced the southern-based -lein in standard usage. Cognate with German Low German -ke(n) as well as Dutch -tje and -ke. More at -kin.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /çən/, [çən], [çn̩]

SuffixEdit

-chen n ‎(plural -chen)

  1. the most common German suffix to create a diminutive form; e.g. HundHündchen ("little dog")

Usage notesEdit

  • Words ending in the suffix -chen are always neuter, whatever gender the basic word.
  • Generally, with few exceptions, diminutives with -chen have an umlauted stem vowel. Double vowels must be singled as the combinations ää and öö are not permitted in modern German orthography (e.g. Härchen from Haar, Bötchen from Boot).
  • Words ending in -ch (and some others) use the double suffix -elchen, e.g. Strichelchen from Strich. However, the suffix -lein is quite common for these words in writing (Strichlein).
  • Some words also have a (dated or colloquial) plural in -erchen, e.g. Kindchen, Lämmchen, Blättchen.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

SuffixEdit

-chen

  1. the most common suffix to create the diminutive form in Luxembourgish; eg. KazKätzchen

Derived termsEdit

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