- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈʊm.laʊt/, /ˈʌm.laʊt/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈʊm.laʊt/, /ˈum.laʊt/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -aʊt
- (linguistics) An assimilatory process whereby a vowel is pronounced more like a following vocoid that is separated by one or more consonants.
- (linguistics) The umlaut process (as above) that occurred historically in Germanic languages whereby back vowels became front vowels when followed by syllable containing a front vocoid (e.g. Germanic lūsiz > Old English lȳs(i) > Modern English lice).
- (linguistics) A vowel so assimilated.
- (orthography) The diacritical mark ( ¨ ) placed over a vowel when it indicates a (rounded) front vowel
- (informal, orthography) A diaeresis.
- "Naïve" takes an umlaut because it is pronounced as two syllables.
Usage notes edit
- Although this symbol has the same form as the diaeresis/dieresis, it has a different function and so in standard and technical usage these two terms are not interchangeable. The term for the diacritic mark, as opposed to its function, is trema.
- When spelling a German word out loud, one can say “(vowel) umlaut” or “umlauted (vowel)”. e.g. “o umlaut” or “umlauted o” (ö). (German practice is to say “o Umlaut”, or more commonly to pronounce the letters, so the name of "Ö" is [øː], just as "A" is [aː] and "B" is [beː].) In the North of Germany, "ä" and "e" are pronounced identically; therefore, one would tend to say "a Umlaut" to avoid confusion.
- In alphabetic orders, "ä, ö, ü" are treated as "a, o, u" or "ae, oe, ue" in German (so the word lügen comes directly after or before the word lugen). In other languages, such as Swedish, the umlaut letters may have their own position in the alphabet.
- The usual English plural is umlauts, but the form umlaute (after the German) has seen some use. It is quite rare, however.
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
partial assimilation of a vowel
vowel so assimilated
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
- (transitive) To place an umlaut over (a vowel).
- (linguistics, transitive) To modify (a word) so that an umlaut is required in it.
- an umlauting vowel
See also edit
umlaut m (plural umlauten)
Derived terms edit
- umlaut (the diacritical mark ( ¨ ) placed over various vowels: a > ä, o > ö or u > ü in German and some closely related languages)
|Inflection of umlaut (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)|
|comitative||See the possessive forms below.|
umlaut m (genitive singular umlaut, plural umlautyn)
umlaut m inan
- (phonology) umlaut (the partial assimilation of vowels in some Germanic languages)
- umlaut (diacritical mark)
Declension of umlaut
Further reading edit
- umlaut in Polish dictionaries at PWN
umlaut m (plural umlauts)
umlaut n (uncountable)