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HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ɛtlɛn]
  • Hyphenation: et‧len

SuffixEdit

-etlen (comparative -etlenebb, superlative leg- -etlenebb)

  1. (adjective suffix) -less, un-, dis-. A privative suffix added to a noun or a verb to form adjectives with a meaning of lacking something.
    fej (head)fejetlen (headless; confused)
    ismer (to know)ismeretlen (unknown)

Usage notesEdit

  • (adjective suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -talan is added to back-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives)
    -telen is added to front-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives)
    -tlan is added to back-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives) ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -tlen is added to front-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives) ending in a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -atlan is added to back-vowel verbs and nouns (occasionally adjectives)
    -etlen is added to front-vowel verbs and nouns (occasionally adjectives)
  • Using two different suffix variants with the same stem may result in different meanings:
    gond (care)gondtalan (carefree)
    gond (care)gondatlan (careless)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative -etlen -etlenek
accusative -etlent -etleneket
dative -etlennek -etleneknek
instrumental -etlennel -etlenekkel
causal-final -etlenért -etlenekért
translative -etlenné -etlenekké
terminative -etlenig -etlenekig
essive-formal -etlenként -etlenekként
essive-modal -etlenül -etlenekül
inessive -etlenben -etlenekben
superessive -etlenen -etleneken
adessive -etlennél -etleneknél
illative -etlenbe -etlenekbe
sublative -etlenre -etlenekre
allative -etlenhez -etlenekhez
elative -etlenből -etlenekből
delative -etlenről -etlenekről
ablative -etlentől -etlenektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
-etlené -etleneké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
-etlenéi -etlenekéi

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit