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HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [tɒlɒn]
  • Hyphenation: ta‧lan

SuffixEdit

-talan (comparative -talanabb, superlative leg- -talanabb)

  1. (adjective suffix) -less, un-, dis-. A privative suffix added to a noun or an adjective to form adjectives with a meaning of lacking something.
    hajlék (home)hajléktalan (homeless)
    boldog (happy)boldogtalan (unhappy)
    arány (proportion)aránytalan (disproportionate)

Usage notesEdit

  • (adjective suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -talan is added to back-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives)
    -telen is added to front-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives)
    -tlan is added to back-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives) ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -tlen is added to front-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives) ending in a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -atlan is added to back-vowel verbs and nouns (occasionally adjectives)
    -etlen is added to front-vowel verbs and nouns (occasionally adjectives)
  • Using two different suffix variants with the same stem may result in different meanings:
    gond (care)gondtalan (carefree)
    gond (care)gondatlan (careless)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative -talan -talanok
accusative -talant -talanokat
dative -talannak -talanoknak
instrumental -talannal -talanokkal
causal-final -talanért -talanokért
translative -talanná -talanokká
terminative -talanig -talanokig
essive-formal -talanként -talanokként
essive-modal -talanul -talanokul
inessive -talanban -talanokban
superessive -talanon -talanokon
adessive -talannál -talanoknál
illative -talanba -talanokba
sublative -talanra -talanokra
allative -talanhoz -talanokhoz
elative -talanból -talanokból
delative -talanról -talanokról
ablative -talantól -talanoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
-talané -talanoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
-talanéi -talanokéi

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit