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HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Proto-Uralic *-tt (privative suffix) + *-l (nominal suffix), then in the Ancient Hungarian era the -n (adverbial suffix) was added.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [tɛlɛn]
  • Hyphenation: te‧len

SuffixEdit

-telen (comparative -telenebb, superlative leg- -telenebb)

  1. (adjective suffix) -less, un-, dis-. A privative suffix added to a noun or an adjective to form adjectives with a meaning of lacking something.
    szín (color)színtelen (colorless)
    vég (end)végtelen (unlimited)
    jellem (character)jellemtelen (dishonest)

Usage notesEdit

  • (adjective suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -talan is added to back-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives)
    -telen is added to front-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives)
    -tlan is added to back-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives) ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -tlen is added to front-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives) ending in a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -atlan is added to back-vowel verbs and nouns (occasionally adjectives)
    -etlen is added to front-vowel verbs and nouns (occasionally adjectives)
  • Using two different suffix variants with the same stem may result in different meanings:
    gond (care)gondtalan (carefree)
    gond (care)gondatlan (careless)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative -telen -telenek
accusative -telent -teleneket
dative -telennek -teleneknek
instrumental -telennel -telenekkel
causal-final -telenért -telenekért
translative -telenné -telenekké
terminative -telenig -telenekig
essive-formal -telenként -telenekként
essive-modal -telenül -telenekül
inessive -telenben -telenekben
superessive -telenen -teleneken
adessive -telennél -teleneknél
illative -telenbe -telenekbe
sublative -telenre -telenekre
allative -telenhez -telenekhez
elative -telenből -telenekből
delative -telenről -telenekről
ablative -telentől -telenektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
-telené -teleneké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
-telenéi -telenekéi

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN