Classical NahuatlEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-tlan

  1. (added to nouns) A locative suffix denoting adjacency or distance below: Under, around.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-tlan (comparative -tlanabb, superlative leg- -tlanabb)

  1. (adjective suffix) -less, un-, dis-. A privative suffix added to a noun or an adjective to form an adjective with a meaning of lacking something.
    hiba (mistake)hibátlan (flawless)
    (salt)tlan (unsalted)

Usage notesEdit

  • (adjective suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -talan is added to back-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives)
    -telen is added to front-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives)
    -tlan is added to back-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives) ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -tlen is added to front-vowel nouns (occasionally adjectives) ending in a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -atlan is added to back-vowel verbs and nouns (occasionally adjectives)
    -etlen is added to front-vowel verbs and nouns (occasionally adjectives)
  • Using two different suffix variants with the same stem may result in different meanings:
    gond (care)gondtalan (carefree)
    gond (care)gondatlan (careless)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative -tlan -tlanok
accusative -tlant -tlanokat
dative -tlannak -tlanoknak
instrumental -tlannal -tlanokkal
causal-final -tlanért -tlanokért
translative -tlanná -tlanokká
terminative -tlanig -tlanokig
essive-formal -tlanként -tlanokként
essive-modal -tlanul -tlanokul
inessive -tlanban -tlanokban
superessive -tlanon -tlanokon
adessive -tlannál -tlanoknál
illative -tlanba -tlanokba
sublative -tlanra -tlanokra
allative -tlanhoz -tlanokhoz
elative -tlanból -tlanokból
delative -tlanról -tlanokról
ablative -tlantól -tlanoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
-tlané -tlanoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
-tlanéi -tlanokéi

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit