Esperanto edit

Etymology edit

From Latin -idēs, from Ancient Greek -ίδης (-ídēs).

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Suffix edit

-ido

  1. offspring
    ido (child) (in the sense of a son or a daughter—of any age)
    putino (whore) + ‎-ido → ‎putinido (son/daughter of a whore)
    reĝo (king) + ‎-ido → ‎reĝido (prince) (the son of a king, of any age)
  2. immature animal
    birdo (bird) + ‎-ido → ‎birdido (fledgling)
    bovo (cow) + ‎-ido → ‎bovido (calf)
    cervo (deer) + ‎-ido → ‎cervido (fawn)
    ĉevalo (horse) + ‎-ido → ‎ĉevalido (foal)
    hundo (dog) + ‎-ido → ‎hundido (puppy)
    kato (cat) + ‎-ido → ‎katido (kitten)
    leono (lion) + ‎-ido → ‎leonido (lion cub)
    lupo (wolf) + ‎-ido → ‎lupido (wolf cub)
    vulpo (fox) + ‎-ido → ‎vulpido (fox cub)
    urso (bear) + ‎-ido → ‎ursido (bear cub)

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • English: Ido

Ido edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek -ίδης (-ídēs).

Suffix edit

-ido

  1. Used on countries or places to mean a descendant from that place
    Izrael (Israel) + ‎-ido → ‎Izraelido (Israelite)

Usage notes edit

  • Not to be confused with the suffix -yuno, which means a young animal, as in bovyuno (calf); a young bovo (bull, cow, ox).

Derived terms edit

Macanese edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese -ido.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈi.du/, (rare) /ˈi.do/

Suffix edit

-ido

  1. participle-forming suffix
    Coordinate term: -ado
    durmí (to sleep) + ‎-ido → ‎durmido (asleep)
  2. adjective-forming suffix
    cholê (to touch someone to get their attention) + ‎-ido → ‎cholido (nosy, interfering)

Usage notes edit

  • Past participles are often used with ficâ (to become).
  • Verbs ending in are usually transformed into -ido rather than -edo, consistent with Portuguese participle formation.

Derived terms edit

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese -ido (displacing the more common form -udo), from Latin -ītus.

Pronunciation edit

 

Suffix edit

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-ido

  1. forms the masculine singular past participle of 2nd-conjugation (-er) and 3rd-conjugation (-ir) verbs; -ed
    cozer (to cook) + ‎-ido → ‎cozido (cooked)
    sorrir (to smile) + ‎-ido → ‎sorrido (smiled)

Derived terms edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

From Latin -itus.

Suffix edit

-ido (adjective-forming suffix, feminine -ida, masculine plural -idos, feminine plural -idas)

  1. Indicates the masculine singular past participle of regular -ir and -er verbs.

See also edit

Suffix edit

-ido m (noun-forming suffix, plural -idos)

  1. creates nouns that describe sounds
    roncar (to snore) + ‎-ido → ‎ronquido (snore)
  2. (chemistry) -ide (member of a group of related compounds or elements)
  3. (biology, astronomy) -id

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit