Open main menu

DutchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

SuffixEdit

-je n (plural jes)

  1. Variant of -tje.

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-je

  1. (possessive suffix) his, her, its, -'s, of (third-person singular, single possession)
    kert (garden)a kertje (his/her/its garden)
    betű (letter)a betűje (his/her/its letter)
    vese (kidney)a veséje (his/her/its kidney)
    kert (“garden”) → Anna kertje (“Anna’s garden”)
    kert (“garden”) → a tulipánok kertje (“the garden of tulips”)
  2. (possessive suffix, after a plural possessor) -s', of-s (third-person plural, single possession)
    kert (“garden”) → a szüleim kertje (“my parents’ garden”)
    kert (“garden”) → Az elágazó ösvények kertje (“The Garden of Forking Paths”, by Borges)
  3. (with time expressions, referring to a point in time) ago
    Sok ideje ment el.S/he left a long time ago (literally, “…a lot of time ago.”)
    Synonym: -val/-vel ezelőtt (e.g. sok idővel ezelőtt)
  4. (with time expressions, referring to a duration of time preceding the point of time in question) for
    Sok ideje várunk rád.We have been waiting for you for a long time. (literally, “…for a lot of time.”)

Usage notesEdit

  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -a is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -e is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ja is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-; final -o changes to -ó-.
    -je is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-; final changes to -ő-.
    • This suffix (in all forms) is normally used for the third-person singular possessive (single possession) but, after an explicit plural possessor, it also expresses the third-person plural possessive (single possession), e.g. “the children's ball” (a gyerekek labdája). If the possessor is implicit (not named, only marked by a suffix), the plural possessive suffix must be used, e.g. “their ball” (a labdájuk, see -juk and its variants).

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative -je
accusative -jét
dative -jének
instrumental -jével
causal-final -jéért
translative -jévé
terminative -jéig
essive-formal -jeként
essive-modal -jéül
inessive -jében
superessive -jén
adessive -jénél
illative -jébe
sublative -jére
allative -jéhez
elative -jéből
delative -jéről
ablative -jétől

See alsoEdit


Lower SorbianEdit

SuffixEdit

-je

  1. -ly (used to turn an adjective into an adverb of manner)

Usage notesEdit

The j of this suffix merges with certain preceding consonants to create palatalized consonants not followed by j:

  • d + jź
  • zd + jzdź
  • g + jz
  • k + jc
  • ch + jš
  • ł + jl
  • t + jś
  • st + j

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit



Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ьje.

SuffixEdit

-je (Cyrillic spelling -је)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a neuter noun, usually denoting a young animal, plant, place name or is used as a collective noun.

See alsoEdit


West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian -ia, from Proto-Germanic *-ōną, from various Proto-Indo-European suffixes.

SuffixEdit

-je

  1. Forms verbs from nouns and adjectives. The stem of the word itself does not change.

InflectionEdit

Weak class 2
infinitive -je
3rd singular past -e
past participle -e
infinitive -je
long infinitive -jen
gerund -jen n
indicative present tense past tense
1st singular -je -e
2nd singular -est -est
3rd singular -et -e
plural -je -en
imperative -je
participles -jend -e

Derived termsEdit