From Middle Dutch -ie, which is borrowed from Old French -ie, from Latin -ia, from Ancient Greek -ια (-ia). Cognate with German -ei, English -y. Dutch variants are: -ie (as in theorie) and -ije (as in Turkije)
-ij f (plural -ijen)
- -y; Forms abstract nouns denoting a state or concept related to the person(s) referred to by the stem.
- -ery; Forms nouns denoting a business or an organization which is run by the kind of person(s) referred to by the stem.
- ^ A. van Loey, "Schönfeld's Historische Grammatica van het Nederlands", Zutphen, 8. druk, 1970, ISBN 90-03-21170-1; § 181
Ultimately apparently from Latin (or New Latin coinages thereof) -ia, -io, -ius, -ium, etc. In most cases likely via Latvian -ija (often pronounced /ij/) or -ijs. In some cases also possibly from High German -ei.
- a suffix corresponding to English -ia, -y, -ion, -ius, -ium, etc.