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InterlinguaEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

SuffixEdit

-issimo

  1. Added to an adjective, creates an adjective. This suffix is an intensifier which adds a qualifier of "extremely" or "remarkably."[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Interlingua Course for Beginners by Thomas Breinstrup

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -issimus. Compare Spanish -ísimo and Portuguese -íssimo which are partly based on the Italian forms.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈisːi.mo/, [ˈis̪ːi.mo]
  • Rhymes: -imo
  • Hyphenation: -ìs‧si‧mo

SuffixEdit

-issimo or -issima or -issimi or -issime

  1. Added to adjectives to form superlatives.
    buono (good) + ‎-issimo → ‎buonissimo (as good as it gets, extremely good)
    grave (serious) + ‎-issimo → ‎gravissimo (very serious)
    consigliato (recommended) + ‎-issimo → ‎consigliatissimo (highly recommended)
    sconsigliato (not recommended, inadvisable) + ‎-issimo → ‎sconsigliatissimo (lowly recommended, highly inadvisable)
    primo (first) + ‎-issimo → ‎primissimo (very first)
  2. Added to adverbs to form superlatives.
    bene (well) + ‎-issimo → ‎benissimo (very well)
    spesso (often) + ‎-issimo → ‎spessissimo (very often)
    piano (softly) + ‎-issimo → ‎pianissimo (very softly)
    lentamente (slowly) + ‎-issimo → ‎lentissimamente (very slowly)
    velocemente (fastly) + ‎-issimo → ‎velocissimamente (very fastly)
  3. (often humorous) Added to some nouns to form extremes.
    poltrona (seat) + ‎poltronissima (front row seat) + ‎-issima → ‎benissimo
    finale (final) + ‎-issima → ‎finalissima (grand final)
  4. Added to the stem of verbs ending in -ire to form the first-person plural imperfect subjunctive tense.
    salire + ‎-issimo → ‎salissimo (that we be raised, gone up, etc; that we have risen, gone up)

Usage notesEdit

  • Terms formed with this suffix are invariably stressed on the antepenult.
  • The adjectival suffix and the nominal suffix, the suffix -issimo are inflected by gender and by number (feminine -issima, masculine plural -issimi, feminine plural -issime).
  • The adjectival and adverbial suffix can be used multiple times for emphasis, when the suffix is used multiple times it drops its last vowel except the last time:
    bellissimovery beautiful
    bellissimissimovery very beautiful
    ...
  • When the adverbal suffix is used together with the suffix -mente, the suffix -issimo becomes -issima and it is always before the suffix -mente:
    velocissimamentevery fastly
    velocissimissimamentevery very fastly
    ...
  • The stress of -issimo is always strongest than the stress of -mente.

Derived termsEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-issimō

  1. superlative degree of