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See also: osus and ošus

Contents

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Latin -ōsos from *-ōnt-to-s from *-o-wont-to-s. The last form is a combination of two Proto-Indo-European suffixes: Proto-Indo-European *-went-, *-wont- and Proto-Indo-European *-to-.[1] See -entus and Ancient Greek -εις (-eis).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ōsus m (feminine -ōsa, neuter -ōsum); first/second declension

  1. -ose, -ous; full of, prone to. Used to form adjectives from nouns.

Usage notesEdit

The suffix -ōsus is added to a noun to form an adjective indicating an abundance of that noun.

Examples:
nervōsus (nervous), from nervus (sinew, energy)
racēmōsus (racemose), from racēmus (cluster, bunch)
ventōsus (windy), from ventus (wind)

InflectionEdit

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative -ōsus -ōsa -ōsum -ōsī -ōsae -ōsa
genitive -ōsī -ōsae -ōsī -ōsōrum -ōsārum -ōsōrum
dative -ōsō -ōsō -ōsīs
accusative -ōsum -ōsam -ōsum -ōsōs -ōsās -ōsa
ablative -ōsō -ōsā -ōsō -ōsīs
vocative -ōse -ōsa -ōsum -ōsī -ōsae -ōsa

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jean Haudry, L'indo-européen, p. 58