See also: osus and ošus

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Old Latin -ōsos, from *-ōnt-to-s, from Proto-Italic *-owonssos, from *-o-wont-to-s. The last form is a combination of two Proto-Indo-European suffixes: Proto-Indo-European *-went-, *-wont- and Proto-Indo-European *-to-.[1] See -entus and Ancient Greek -εις (-eis).

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ōsus (feminine -ōsa, neuter -ōsum); first/second-declension suffix

  1. -ose, -ous; full of, overly, prone to. Used to form adjectives from nouns.

Usage notes edit

The suffix -ōsus is added to a noun to form an adjective indicating an abundance of that noun.

nervōsus (nervous), from nervus (sinew, energy)
racēmōsus (racemose), from racēmus (cluster, bunch)
ventōsus (windy), from ventus (wind)

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative -ōsus -ōsa -ōsum -ōsī -ōsae -ōsa
Genitive -ōsī -ōsae -ōsī -ōsōrum -ōsārum -ōsōrum
Dative -ōsō -ōsō -ōsīs
Accusative -ōsum -ōsam -ōsum -ōsōs -ōsās -ōsa
Ablative -ōsō -ōsā -ōsō -ōsīs
Vocative -ōse -ōsa -ōsum -ōsī -ōsae -ōsa

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Jean Haudry, L'indo-européen, p. 58