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LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Latin -ōsos from *-ōnt-to-s from *-o-wont-to-s. The last form is a combination of two Proto-Indo-European suffixes: Proto-Indo-European *-went-, *-wont- and Proto-Indo-European *-to-.[1] See -entus and Ancient Greek -εις (-eis).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ōsus (feminine -ōsa, neuter -ōsum); first/second-declension suffix

  1. -ose, -ous; full of, prone to. Used to form adjectives from nouns.

Usage notesEdit

The suffix -ōsus is added to a noun to form an adjective indicating an abundance of that noun.

Examples:
nervōsus (nervous), from nervus (sinew, energy)
racēmōsus (racemose), from racēmus (cluster, bunch)
ventōsus (windy), from ventus (wind)

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative -ōsus -ōsa -ōsum -ōsī -ōsae -ōsa
Genitive -ōsī -ōsae -ōsī -ōsōrum -ōsārum -ōsōrum
Dative -ōsō -ōsō -ōsīs
Accusative -ōsum -ōsam -ōsum -ōsōs -ōsās -ōsa
Ablative -ōsō -ōsā -ōsō -ōsīs
Vocative -ōse -ōsa -ōsum -ōsī -ōsae -ōsa

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Aromanian: -os
  • Asturian: -osu
  • Catalan: -ós
  • Danish -øs
  • Dutch -eus
  • English: -ose, -ous
  • French: -eux, -ose
  • Friulian: -ôs
  • Galician: -oso
  • German -ös
  • Italian: -oso

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jean Haudry, L'indo-européen, p. 58