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FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈøs/, [ˈø̞s̠]

SuffixEdit

-ös

  1. Front vowel variant of -os

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of -ös (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative -ös -ökset
genitive -öksen -östen
-öksien
partitive -östä -öksiä
illative -ökseen -öksiin
singular plural
nominative -ös -ökset
accusative nom. -ös -ökset
gen. -öksen
genitive -öksen -östen
-öksien
partitive -östä -öksiä
inessive -öksessä -öksissä
elative -öksestä -öksistä
illative -ökseen -öksiin
adessive -öksellä -öksillä
ablative -ökseltä -öksiltä
allative -ökselle -öksille
essive -öksenä -öksinä
translative -ökseksi -öksiksi
instructive -öksin
abessive -öksettä -öksittä
comitative -öksineen

Derived termsEdit

Category Finnish words suffixed with -ös not found



GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French -eux, from Latin -ōsus, chiefly in words borrowed from French, but productive in German to a limited extent. Doublet of -os, which is borrowed directly from the Latin.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /øːs/
  • (file)

SuffixEdit

-ös

  1. A suffix, sometimes matching -ous.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989), “-ös”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, →ISBN

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ös

  1. (adjective-forming suffix) Added to a noun to form an adjective meaning "having something, a quality".
    böjt (fasting)böjtös (describing food eaten during fasting)
  2. (noun-forming suffix) Added to a noun to form an occupation or a collective noun.
    bőrönd (suitcase)bőröndös (a person who repairs suitcases)
    gyümölcs (fruit)gyümölcsös (orchard)
  3. (number-forming suffix) Added to an ordinal number to form a digit or figure, cf. the relevant template.
    öt (five)ötös (the digit or figure 5)

Usage notesEdit

  • (all senses) Harmonic variants:
    -s is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -os is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -as is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -es is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ös is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

SuffixEdit

-ös

  1. -ous; making an adjective from a noun

Derived termsEdit



VolapükEdit

SuffixEdit

-ös

  1. An optative mood suffix for verbs; used for courteous requests.