Cebuano

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Etymology

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Short for Eufrocina.

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: Ci‧na

Noun

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Cina

  1. a diminutive of the female given name Eufrocina

Corsican

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Corsican Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia co
 
A bandera di a Cina.

Etymology

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Ultimately from Sanskrit चीन (Cīna), from Old Chinese (*zin). Compare Italian Cina and Portuguese China.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃina/
  • Hyphenation: Ci‧na

Proper noun

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Cina f

  1. China (a country in Asia)
    • 2019, Zosimov Premudroslovsky StaVl, Mutanti Sovetti: Fantasia divertente, →ISBN:
      Luntanu, luntanu à a fruntiera di l'antica URSS (avà Kazakistan) è a Cina, in u sudeste di a regione Semipalatinsk, vicinu à a cità de Ayaguz, traduttu cum'è "Oh toro", ci era un terrenu di teste nucleare cù una atmosfera radioattiva infettata ottenuta da a negligenza di i schientifichi in opera.
      Far, far away on the border of the former USSR (now Kazakhstan) and China, in the southeast of the region Semipalatinsk, next to the city of Ayaguz, translated as "Oh toro", there was a terrain of nuclear testing with an infected radioactive atmosphere obtained due to the negligence of the scientists in operation.

Indonesian

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Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology

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Through Malay Cina, from a phonetic transcription of Sanskrit चीन (Cīna), itself likely deriving from Old Chinese (*zin, State of Qin, Qin dynasty). Compare Latin Sinae, Ancient Greek Θῖνα (Thîna), Arabic اَلصِّين (aṣ-ṣīn), Chinese 支那 (Zhīnà), Chinese 震旦 (Zhèndàn), Japanese 支那 (shina) and English China.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡ʃi.na]
  • Hyphenation: Ci‧na

Proper noun

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Cina

  1. (now possibly derogatory) China: a nation or civilization occupying the country around the Yellow, Yangtze, and Pearl Rivers in East Asia, taken as a whole under its various dynasties.
    Hyponyms: Republik Rakyat Cina, Republik Cina
  2. (now possibly derogatory) Chinese:
    1. any of several Sinitic languages or dialects spoken in China, especially Literary Chinese, Mandarin, Cantonese, Wu or Min Nan.
    2. the logographic writing system shared by this language family.
  3. a boy’s name originating from Persia (ancient Iran). An abbreviated version of Avicenna or Ibn Sina, author of the Canon of Medicine and often described as the father of early modern medicine. Alternative spellings include Sina, Seena, Cena, among others.

Noun

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Cina

  1. (now possibly derogatory) Chinese
  2. (derogatory, ethnic slur) Chink, Chinaman (Chinese person)

Adjective

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Cina

  1. (now possibly derogatory) Chinese: of China, its languages or people, particularly the Han Chinese.

Usage notes

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This word is dropped from Indonesian official government use as the presidential decision was passed and replaced by Tiongkok (China) and Tionghoa (Chinese) due to its racist overtones and historical consideration.[1] This guide is followed by and most Indonesian-language mass media. However, this word is still commonly used, especially if racist overtones intended.

Alternative forms

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  • China
  • Tjina (van Ophuijsen (1901–1947), Republik/Soewandi (1947–1972))

Synonyms

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Derived terms

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References

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  1. ^ Pencabutan Surat Edaran Presidium Kabinet Ampera Nomor SE-06/PRES.KAB/6/1967, Tanggal 28 Juni 1967. 2014. (Keputusan Presiden Nomor 12 Tahun 2014).

Further reading

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Italian

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology

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From Persian چینی (Chinese, porcelain) under influence from Medieval Latin Sina (China), q.v., from چین (Čin, China) + ـی, from Middle Persian 𐭰𐭩𐭭 (Čīn, China), ultimately from Sanskrit चीन (Cīna), possibly from Old Chinese (*zin, Qin).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃi.na/
  • Rhymes: -ina
  • Hyphenation: Cì‧na
  • Audio:(file)

Proper noun

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Cina f

  1. China. Official name: Repubblica Popolare Cinese

Derived terms

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Anagrams

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Malay

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Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Etymology

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From a phonetic transcription of Sanskrit चीन (Cīna), itself likely deriving from Old Chinese (*zin, State of Qin, Qin dynasty).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [t͡ʃi.na]
    • (Johor-Riau) IPA(key): [t͡ʃi.nə]
  • Rhymes: -na, -a
  • Hyphenation: Ci‧na

Proper noun

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Cina (Jawi spelling چينا)

  1. Chinese (people, language, etc.)
    Synonym: Tionghoa (Riau)
    Dia fasih bercakap Cina.
    He speaks Chinese fluently.

Usage notes

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  • Unlike in Indonesian, the use of Cina is not considered derogatory and is regularly used to describe Chinese-related things and people of Chinese descent as in Tahun Baru Cina (Chinese New Year).
  • Although pronounced the same, the country name, China, is spelled differently with an H. This is a carryover from the old Za'aba Spelling system.

Affixations

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Compounds

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Descendants

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  • Indonesian: Cina

Further reading

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Sardinian

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Sardinian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sc

Proper noun

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Cina ?

  1. China (a country in Asia)