See also: , , and
U+79E6, 秦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79E6

[U+79E5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79E7]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 115, +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手大竹木 (QKHD), four-corner 50904, composition𡗗)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 851, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24995
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1275, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2597, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+79E6

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Shizhoupian script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
                   

From an ideographical perspective, the Shuowen Jiezi alikens the glyph to the combination of the characters and , producing a meaning of "husked grain". However this would necessitate a phonological shift that is considered unlikely, and furthermore is likely a folk etymology altogether.[1]

The oracle bone script of is an ideogrammatic compound consisting of (the original glyph of (“pestle”)), (“two hands”) and two (“grain”). A form of its bronze inscription containing only one developed into the subsequent small seal script form in Shuowen.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰin³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰin²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰin⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰiẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰiə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰin⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiẽ²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰin²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰin³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰin²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰĩ²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰin²⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ʑiŋ²³/
Suzhou /zin¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑin²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sin¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰin²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰin¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰøn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰøn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sin³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡seiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zin/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zin/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziĕn/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]i[n]/
English Qín (place name)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10497
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zin/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (~國) State of Qin
  2. (~朝) Qin dynasty, first imperial dynasty of China
  3. Qin, a general area of central-west China in modern-day Shaanxi and Gansu Provinces
  4. A surname​.

See alsoEdit

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 B.C.E.
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 B.C.E.
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 B.C.E. Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 B.C.E.
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E. Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 C.E. Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 C.E. Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 C.E. Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 C.E.
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 C.E.
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 C.E.
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 C.E.
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 C.E. Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 C.E.
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 C.E.
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 C.E.
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 C.E.
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 C.E.
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 C.E.

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • >? Sanskrit: चीन (cīna)
    • Gandhari: 𐨕𐨁𐨣‎(cina‎)
    • Middle Chinese: 支那 (MC t͡ɕiᴇ nɑ|X|H)
    • Malay: Cina

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. Qin dynasty

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しん
Jinmeiyō
kan’on

From Old Japanese (MC d͡ziɪn).

Proper nounEdit

(しん) (Shin

  1. (historical) the Qin dynasty (221-207 B.C.E.), first dynasty of China
  2. (historical) name of various states during the Sixteen Kingdoms period:
    1. 前秦 (Zenshin, Former Qin, 351-394 C.E.)
    2. 後秦 (Kōshin, Later Qin, 384-417 C.E.)
    3. 西秦 (Seishin, Western Qin, 385-431 C.E.)
  3. a surname

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
はた
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Proper nounEdit

(はた) (Hata

  1. a place name
  2. a surname
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
はたしん
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Compound of (Hata, see above) + (Shin, Qin (dynasty)).

The kanji itself has a kun-reading of はた (hata).

PronunciationEdit

Usage notesEdit

This reading is used to distinguish from the 漢音 (kan'on) reading of (Shin, Jin dynasty), itself called (Susumu-shin). The senses are the same for Etymology 2 above.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “秦, Qin”, in zdic.net[1], (Please provide a date or year)
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune–Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

  1. Qin

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tần, thái)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.