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See also: irán, Irán, Íran, Îran, Īran, İran, irań., and Írán

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Persian ایران (irān), from Middle Persian 𐭠𐭩𐭥𐭠𐭭 (ērān, (land) of the Iranians). See ērān for word formation, further etymology and cognates.

The name of the political entity is a 3rd-century development that derives from the indigenous ethno-linguistic name of the Iranian peoples,[1] i.e. the great variety of Iranian tribes that spoke an Iranian language.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iran

  1. A country in Western Asia. Official name: Islamic Republic of Iran.
    • 2005, Massoume Price, ed., Iran's Diverse Peoples, ABC-Clio, page xiii:
      "Iran is a vast and ancient country in a strategic location in the Middle East. It borders Russia, Iraq, Turkey, Pakistan, the Gulf of Oman, and the Persian Gulf."
    • ca. 1675, Jean Chardin (Sir John Chardin), Travels in Persia, 1673-1677, fasc. reprint 1988, Dover, page 126:
      "The Persians, in naming their country, make use of one word, which they indifferently pronounce Iroun, and Iran."
  2. (literary, technical) regions inhabited by the Iranian peoples.
    • 1990, Hubert Darke, "Cambridge History of Iran" in Encyclopedia Iranica, volume 4, page 724:
      "[The] Cambridge History of Iran [is] a survey of the history and historical geography of the land which is present-day Iran, as well as other territories inhabited by peoples of Iranian descent."
    • 1985, J. M. Cooke, "The Rise of the Achaemenids" in Cambridge Historiy of Iran, volume 2, page 290:
      "[W]e may surmise that there was a strong sense of Iranian unity lending solidarity to the eastern half of the empire. It is only in the generations after Alexander, in Eudemus and in Eratosthenes (ap. Strabo), that we find mention of the concept of a greater nation of Iran (Arianē) stretching from the Zagros to the Indus; but the sense of unity must have been there, for Herodotus tells us that the Medes were formerly called Arioi, and Darius I (followed by Xerxes) in his inscriptions proclaims himself an Iranian (Ariya) by race - he speaks of himself in ascending order as an Achaemenid, a Persian and an Iranian (Naqsh-i Rustam)."
    • 1898, A. V. W. Jackson, Zoroaster: The Prophet of Ancient Iran, Macmillan, page 10:
      "Zoroaster of Iran. — Zoroaster, it is believed, sprang up in the seventh century before the Christian era, somewhere in the land between the Indus and the Tigris."
    • 1882, James Darmesteter, The Zend-Avesta, volume 1 (SBE, volume 31), Oxford UP, page 7, xxviii:
      "Kavi means a king, but it is particularly used of the kings belonging to the second and most celebrated of the two mythical dynasties of Iran."
      "One certain fact is the occurrence of geographical names [Bactria, Sogdiana, etc] in Vendidad I, which are obviously intended to describe the earliest homes of the Iranian races whose lore was the Avesta."
    • 1909, John Huston Finley (ed.), "Iran" in Nelson's Perpetual Loose-leaf Encyclopaedia, volume 6, page 479:
      "Iran. in early times, the name applied to the great Asiatic plateau which comprised the entire region from the Caucasus, the Caspian Sea, and Russian Turkestan on the north to the Tigris, the Persian Gulf, and the Arabian Sea on the west and south, and extending to the Indus on the east, likewise comprising the modern Afghanistan and the territory to the north of it as far as the Jaxartes River."

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ MacKenzie, David Niel (1998). "Ērān, Ērānšahr". Encyclopedia Iranica, volume 8. Costa Mesa: Mazda, page 534.
  2. ^ Iran” (US) / “Iran” (UK) in Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ Iran” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online.

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iran

  1. Iran

BretonEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iran ?

  1. Iran

CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iran m

  1. Iran

Usage notesEdit

Derived termsEdit


DanishEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iran

  1. Iran

Derived termsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iran n

  1. Iran

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


FaroeseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iran

  1. Iran

DeclensionEdit

Singular
Indefinite
Nominative Iran
Accusative Iran
Dative Irani
Genitive Irans

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FinnishEdit

 
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Proper nounEdit

Iran

  1. Iran

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of Iran (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
nominative Iran
genitive Iranin
partitive Irania
illative Iraniin
singular plural
nominative Iran
accusative nom. Iran
gen. Iranin
genitive Iranin
partitive Irania
inessive Iranissa
elative Iranista
illative Iraniin
adessive Iranilla
ablative Iranilta
allative Iranille
essive Iranina
translative Iraniksi
instructive
abessive Iranitta
comitative

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iran m

  1. Iran

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iran n (genitive Irans)

  1. Iran

Proper nounEdit

Iran m (genitive Irans or Iran)

  1. Iran

Usage notesEdit

  • The word is sometimes used without a definite article as in English: Iran, in Iran. In this case, the genitive is always Irans, for example Irans Hauptstadt – "Iran's capital".
  • More commonly, however, the definite article is used with the name: der Iran, im Iran. In this case, the genitive usually is des Iran, although des Irans is also correct: die Hauptstadt des Iran(s) – "the capital of Iran".

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


IndonesianEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iran

  1. Iran

InterlinguaEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iran

  1. Iran

ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Proper nounEdit

Iran m

  1. Iran

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

Iran

  1. Rōmaji transcription of イラン

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Proper nounEdit

Iran

  1. Iran

Related termsEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Proper nounEdit

Iran

  1. Iran

Related termsEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iran m

  1. Iran

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


RomanianEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iran n

  1. Iran

Serbo-CroatianEdit

 
Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ǐraːn/
  • Hyphenation: I‧ran

Proper nounEdit

Ìrān m (Cyrillic spelling Ѝра̄н)

  1. Iran

DeclensionEdit


SwedishEdit

 
Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Proper nounEdit

Iran n (genitive Irans)

  1. Iran

Derived termsEdit


TagalogEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Spanish Irán (Iran).

Proper nounEdit

Irán

  1. Iran