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From Iranian Persian ایران (irân), from Classical Persian ایران (ērān), from Middle Persian 𐭠𐭩𐭥𐭠𐭭 (ʾērān, of the Aryans). See 𐭠𐭩𐭥𐭠𐭭 (ʾērān) for word formation, further etymology and cognates. The name of the political entity is a 3rd-century development that derives from the indigenous ethnolinguistic name of the Iranian peoples,[1] i.e. the great variety of Iranian tribes that spoke an Iranian language.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹɑːn/, /ɪˈɹæn/[2]
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɪˈɹɑːn/, /ɪˈɹæn/, /aɪˈɹæn/[3]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑːn, -æn

Proper noun edit

Iran

  1. A country in West Asia, in the Middle East. Official name: Islamic Republic of Iran. Capital: Tehran.
    • ca. 1675, Jean Chardin (Sir John Chardin), Travels in Persia, 1673-1677, fasc. reprint 1988, Dover, page 126:
      "The Persians, in naming their country, make use of one word, which they indifferently pronounce Iroun, and Iran."
    • 1828, Thomas Keightley, The Fairy Mythology, volume I, London: William Harrison Ainsworth, page 25:
      Light was happiness; and the people of Iran, the land of light, were the favourites of heaven; while those of Turan, the gloomy region beyond the mountains to the north, were its enemies.
    • 2005, Massoume Price, editor, Iran's Diverse Peoples, ABC-Clio, page xiii:
      "Iran is a vast and ancient country in a strategic location in the Middle East. It borders Russia, Iraq, Turkey, Pakistan, the Gulf of Oman, and the Persian Gulf."
  2. (literary, technical) regions inhabited by the Iranian peoples.
    • 1882, James Darmesteter, The Zend-Avesta, volume 1 (SBE, volume 31), Oxford UP, page 7, xxviii:
      "Kavi means a king, but it is particularly used of the kings belonging to the second and most celebrated of the two mythical dynasties of Iran."
      "One certain fact is the occurrence of geographical names [Bactria, Sogdiana, etc] in Vendidad I, which are obviously intended to describe the earliest homes of the Iranian races whose lore was the Avesta."
    • 1898, A. V. W. Jackson, Zoroaster: The Prophet of Ancient Iran, Macmillan, page 10:
      "Zoroaster of Iran. — Zoroaster, it is believed, sprang up in the seventh century before the Christian era, somewhere in the land between the Indus and the Tigris."
    • 1909, “Iran”, in John Huston Finley, editor, Nelson's Perpetual Loose-leaf Encyclopaedia, volume 6, page 479:
      "Iran. in early times, the name applied to the great Asiatic plateau which comprised the entire region from the Caucasus, the Caspian Sea, and Russian Turkestan on the north to the Tigris, the Persian Gulf, and the Arabian Sea on the west and south, and extending to the Indus on the east, likewise comprising the modern Afghanistan and the territory to the north of it as far as the Jaxartes River."
    • 1985, J. M. Cooke, “The Rise of the Achaemenids”, in Cambridge Historiy of Iran, volume 2, page 290:
      "[W]e may surmise that there was a strong sense of Iranian unity lending solidarity to the eastern half of the empire. It is only in the generations after Alexander, in Eudemus and in Eratosthenes (ap. Strabo), that we find mention of the concept of a greater nation of Iran (Arianē) stretching from the Zagros to the Indus; but the sense of unity must have been there, for Herodotus tells us that the Medes were formerly called Arioi, and Darius I (followed by Xerxes) in his inscriptions proclaims himself an Iranian (Ariya) by race - he speaks of himself in ascending order as an Achaemenid, a Persian and an Iranian (Naqsh-i Rustam)."
    • 1990, Hubert Darke, “Cambridge History of Iran”, in Encyclopedia Iranica, volume 4, page 724:
      "[The] Cambridge History of Iran [is] a survey of the history and historical geography of the land which is present-day Iran, as well as other territories inhabited by peoples of Iranian descent."

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ MacKenzie, David Niel (1998). "Ērān, Ērānšahr". Encyclopedia Iranica, volume 8. Costa Mesa: Mazda, page 534.
  2. ^ Iran”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
  3. ^ Iran”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present.

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

 
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Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Iran

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East; capital: Teheran)

Derived terms edit

Albanian edit

 
Albanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sq

Proper noun edit

Iran m (definite Irani)

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

Basque edit

 
Basque Wikipedia has an article on:
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Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /iɾan/ [i.ɾãn]
  • Rhymes: -iɾan
  • Hyphenation: I‧ran

Proper noun edit

Iran inan

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Breton edit

Proper noun edit

Iran ?

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Iran m

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Usage notes edit

Derived terms edit

Central Nahuatl edit

Proper noun edit

Iran

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Danish edit

Proper noun edit

Iran

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Derived terms edit

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Persian ایران (irân), from Middle Persian 𐭠𐭩𐭥𐭠𐭭 (ʾyʿʾn). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /iˈrɑn/, (somewhat dated) /iˈraːn/, (dated) /ˈiː.rɑn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Iran

Proper noun edit

Iran n

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Related terms edit

See also edit

Faroese edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Iran

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Declension edit

Singular
Indefinite
Nominative Iran
Accusative Iran
Dative Irani
Genitive Irans

Related terms edit

Anagrams edit

Finnish edit

 
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology edit

From Persian ایران.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈirɑn/, [ˈirɑ̝n]
  • Rhymes: -irɑn
  • Syllabification(key): I‧ran

Proper noun edit

Iran

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Declension edit

Inflection of Iran (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
nominative Iran
genitive Iranin
partitive Irania
illative Iraniin
singular plural
nominative Iran
accusative nom. Iran
gen. Iranin
genitive Iranin
partitive Irania
inessive Iranissa
elative Iranista
illative Iraniin
adessive Iranilla
ablative Iranilta
allative Iranille
essive Iranina
translative Iraniksi
abessive Iranitta
instructive
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of Iran (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Iranini
accusative nom. Iranini
gen. Iranini
genitive Iranini
partitive Iraniani
inessive Iranissani
elative Iranistani
illative Iraniini
adessive Iranillani
ablative Iraniltani
allative Iranilleni
essive Iraninani
translative Iranikseni
abessive Iranittani
instructive
comitative
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative Iranisi
accusative nom. Iranisi
gen. Iranisi
genitive Iranisi
partitive Iraniasi
inessive Iranissasi
elative Iranistasi
illative Iraniisi
adessive Iranillasi
ablative Iraniltasi
allative Iranillesi
essive Iraninasi
translative Iraniksesi
abessive Iranittasi
instructive
comitative
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Iranimme
accusative nom. Iranimme
gen. Iranimme
genitive Iranimme
partitive Iraniamme
inessive Iranissamme
elative Iranistamme
illative Iraniimme
adessive Iranillamme
ablative Iraniltamme
allative Iranillemme
essive Iraninamme
translative Iraniksemme
abessive Iranittamme
instructive
comitative
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative Iraninne
accusative nom. Iraninne
gen. Iraninne
genitive Iraninne
partitive Iranianne
inessive Iranissanne
elative Iranistanne
illative Iraniinne
adessive Iranillanne
ablative Iraniltanne
allative Iranillenne
essive Iraninanne
translative Iraniksenne
abessive Iranittanne
instructive
comitative
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative Iraninsa
accusative nom. Iraninsa
gen. Iraninsa
genitive Iraninsa
partitive Iraniaan
Iraniansa
inessive Iranissaan
Iranissansa
elative Iranistaan
Iranistansa
illative Iraniinsa
adessive Iranillaan
Iranillansa
ablative Iraniltaan
Iraniltansa
allative Iranilleen
Iranillensa
essive Iraninaan
Iraninansa
translative Iranikseen
Iraniksensa
abessive Iranittaan
Iranittansa
instructive
comitative

Derived terms edit

compounds

Anagrams edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Iran m

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East; official name: République islamique d’Iran)

Related terms edit

See also edit

See also edit

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Iran n (proper noun, genitive Irans or (optionally with an article) Iran)

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Proper noun edit

Iran m (proper noun, strong, genitive Irans or Iran)

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Usage notes edit

  • The word is sometimes used without a definite article as in English: Iran, in Iran. In this case, the genitive is always Irans, for example Irans Hauptstadt – "Iran's capital".
  • More commonly, however, the definite article is used with the name: der Iran, im Iran. In this case, the genitive usually is des Iran, although des Irans is also correct: die Hauptstadt des Iran(s) – "the capital of Iran".

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • Iran” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Persian ایران (irân), from Middle Persian 𐭠𐭩𐭥𐭠𐭭 (ʾērān, of the Aryans). See 𐭠𐭩𐭥𐭠𐭭 (ʾērān) for word formation, further etymology and cognates. Doublet of aria, arya, Arya, and ayah.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈiran]
  • Hyphenation: I‧ran

Proper noun edit

Iran

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

See also edit

Further reading edit

Interlingua edit

Proper noun edit

Iran

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Italian edit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈi.ran/, (traditional) /iˈran/[1]
  • Rhymes: -iran, (traditional) -an
  • Hyphenation: Ì‧ran, (traditional) I‧ràn

Proper noun edit

Iran m

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Related terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Iran in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Anagrams edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

Iran

  1. Rōmaji transcription of イラン

Maltese edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

L-Iran m

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East; official name: Repubblika Iżlamika tal-Iran)

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Proper noun edit

Iran

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Related terms edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Proper noun edit

Iran

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Related terms edit

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Iran m

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjective
nouns

Further reading edit

  • Iran in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • Iran in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Iran n

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Serbo-Croatian edit

 
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Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ǐraːn/
  • Hyphenation: I‧ran

Proper noun edit

Ìrān m (Cyrillic spelling Ѝра̄н)

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Declension edit

Swedish edit

 
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Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Iran n (genitive Irans)

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

Tagalog edit

 
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Etymology edit

Borrowed from Spanish Irán (Iran).

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Irán (Baybayin spelling ᜁᜇᜈ᜔)

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Welsh edit

 
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Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

Iran f

  1. Iran (a country in West Asia, in the Middle East)

Coordinate terms edit

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
Iran unchanged unchanged Hiran
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.