चीन

HindiEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit चीन (cīna).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /t͡ʃiːn/, [t͡ʃĩːn̪]

Proper nounEdit

चीन (cīnm (Urdu spelling چین‎)

  1. China (a country in Asia)

DeclensionEdit


NepaliEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

चीन (cīn)

  1. China

DeclensionEdit

Declension of चीन
Singular
nominative चीन (cīn)
accusative चीनलाई (cīnlāī)
instrumental चीनले (cīnle)
dative चीनलाई (cīnlāī)
ablative चीनबाट (cīnbāṭa)
genitive चीनको (cīnko)
locative चीनमा (cīnmā)
Notes:
  • -को (-ko) becomes:
    • -का (-kā) when followed by a plural noun.
    • -की (-kī) when followed by a feminine noun.

NewarEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Sanskrit चीन (cīna)

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

चीन (cīn? (Newa Spelling 𑐔𑐷𑐣)

  1. China

SanskritEdit

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of uncertain etymology, but usually held to derive from Old Chinese (OC *zin, “Qin”)[1][2]. But other theories have been proposed, including derivation from (jìn, “Jin”), Middle Chinese (MC t͡siɪnH), Old Chinese (OC *ʔsins)[3], (jīng, “Jing”)[4], or the Zina of 夜郎 (Yèláng, “Yelang”)[4]. See "Names of China" and "Chinas" at Wikipedia.

NounEdit

चीन (cīnam

  1. the Chinese people; China
    • c. 200 BCE – 200 CE, Manusmṛti 10.44:
      पौण्ड्रकाश्चौड्रद्रविडाः काम्बोजा यवनाः शकाः ।
      पारदापह्लवाश्चीनाः किराता दरदाः खशाः ॥
      pauṇḍrakāścauḍradraviḍāḥ kāmbojā yavanāḥ śakāḥ .
      pāradāpahlavāścīnāḥ kirātā daradāḥ khaśāḥ .
      the Paundrakas, the Kodas, the Dravidas, the Kambogas, the Yavanas, the Sakas,
      the Paradas, the Pahlavas, the Cinas, the Kiratas, and the Daradas.
    • c. 400 BCE, Mahābhārata 2.f, vf
    • c. 500 BCE – 100 BCE, Rāmāyaṇa 4.44.14
    • c. 600 BCE – 200 BCE, Caraka
    • 550 CE, Varāhamihira, Bṛhat Saṃhitā

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of चीन (cīna)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चीनः
cīnaḥ
चीनौ
cīnau
चीनाः / चीनासः¹
cīnāḥ / cīnāsaḥ¹
Vocative चीन
cīna
चीनौ
cīnau
चीनाः / चीनासः¹
cīnāḥ / cīnāsaḥ¹
Accusative चीनम्
cīnam
चीनौ
cīnau
चीनान्
cīnān
Instrumental चीनेन
cīnena
चीनाभ्याम्
cīnābhyām
चीनैः / चीनेभिः¹
cīnaiḥ / cīnebhiḥ¹
Dative चीनाय
cīnāya
चीनाभ्याम्
cīnābhyām
चीनेभ्यः
cīnebhyaḥ
Ablative चीनात्
cīnāt
चीनाभ्याम्
cīnābhyām
चीनेभ्यः
cīnebhyaḥ
Genitive चीनस्य
cīnasya
चीनयोः
cīnayoḥ
चीनानाम्
cīnānām
Locative चीने
cīne
चीनयोः
cīnayoḥ
चीनेषु
cīneṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

DescendantsEdit

  • Gandhari: 𐨕𐨁𐨣(cina)
  • Middle Chinese: 支那 (MC t͡ɕiᴇ nɑ|X|H)
  • Malay: Cina

Usually held to be the source of:

NounEdit

चीन (cīnan

  1. a bandage for the corners of the eyes

DeclensionEdit

Neuter a-stem declension of चीन (cīna)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चीनम्
cīnam
चीने
cīne
चीनानि / चीना¹
cīnāni / cīnā¹
Vocative चीन
cīna
चीने
cīne
चीनानि / चीना¹
cīnāni / cīnā¹
Accusative चीनम्
cīnam
चीने
cīne
चीनानि / चीना¹
cīnāni / cīnā¹
Instrumental चीनेन
cīnena
चीनाभ्याम्
cīnābhyām
चीनैः / चीनेभिः¹
cīnaiḥ / cīnebhiḥ¹
Dative चीनाय
cīnāya
चीनाभ्याम्
cīnābhyām
चीनेभ्यः
cīnebhyaḥ
Ablative चीनात्
cīnāt
चीनाभ्याम्
cīnābhyām
चीनेभ्यः
cīnebhyaḥ
Genitive चीनस्य
cīnasya
चीनयोः
cīnayoḥ
चीनानाम्
cīnānām
Locative चीने
cīne
चीनयोः
cīnayoḥ
चीनेषु
cīneṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Yule, Henry (2005) Cathay and the Way Thither[1], →ISBN, pages 2–3
  2. ^ Dr M. R. Singh (1972) Geographical Data in Early Puranas, pages 172
  3. ^ Zhengzhang Shangfang (2006-11-20) , ““支那”真正的来源”, in 郑张尚芳的博客 [Zhengzhang Shangfang's blog]‎[2] (in Chinese)
  4. 4.0 4.1 Wade Geoff (2009-05) , “The Polity of Yelang and the Origin of the Name 'China'”, in Sino-Platonic Papers[3], issue 188