See also: sinä


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An early modern Latin map after Ptolemy, showing SINÆ on the Great Gulf at the eastern end of the landlocked Indian Ocean.
An 18th-century Latin map of China Proper (Sinæ Propriæ).


From Ancient Greek Σῖναι (Sînai) of uncertain etymology, but probably from Sanskrit चीन (cīna, China), possibly via Arabic اَلصِّين(aṣ-ṣīn, China; the Chinese) and usually held to derive from Old Chinese (*Dzin, Qin). See "Names of China" at Wikipedia.


Proper nounEdit

Sīnae f pl (genitive Sīnārum); first declension

  1. (culture) The Chinese, specifically:
    1. (Classical Latin) The southern Chinese reached via the maritime Silk Road to Panyu (Guangzhou), not known at the time to be related to the Seres reached by the overland route to Chang'an (Xi'an).
    2. (New Latin) The Chinese people: the Han Chinese or citizens of China.
  2. (geography) The land of the Chinese, specifically:
    1. (Classical Latin) The land of the southern Chinese.
    2. (New Latin) China: the Republic or People's Republic of China.


First-declension noun, plural only.

Case Plural
Nominative Sīnae
Genitive Sīnārum
Dative Sīnīs
Accusative Sīnās
Ablative Sīnīs
Vocative Sīnae


Derived termsEdit


  • English: Sino-, Sinese

See alsoEdit