GermanEdit

 
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ein ostfriesisches Pferd — an East Frisian horse.

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German phert, pherit, pferift (riding horse), from Old High German pherit, pfarifrit, parafred, from Late Latin paraverēdus (originally “substitute post horse”). Largely displaced the native word Ross. Compare Dutch paard.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /pfeːrt/, [pfeːɐ̯t] (prescriptive standard; overall rare)
  • IPA(key): /feːrt/, [feːɐ̯t], [fɛɐ̯t] (common in northern and central Germany)
  • IPA(key): /pfɛrt/, [pfɛrt], [pfɛɐ̯t] (common in southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland)
  • (file)
  • Homophone: fährt (some speakers)

NounEdit

Pferd n (genitive Pferdes or Pferds, plural Pferde, diminutive Pferdchen n or Pferdlein n, female Stute, male Hengst)

  1. horse
    Meine Mutter hat ein Pferd und das ist sehr süß.
    My mother has a horse and he is very cute.
    Mein Pferd ist zu schnell.
    My horse is too fast.
  2. (chess) knight

Usage notesEdit

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • (horse): Gaul m; Ross n (both regional, except in specific senses)
  • (chess): Springer m

HyponymsEdit

(horse):

Derived termsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Chess pieces in German · Schachfiguren, Schachsteine (layout · text)
           
König Dame, Königin Turm Läufer Springer, Pferd, Ross, Rössel Bauer

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Pferd” in Duden online