See also: Koenig

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German künec, from Old High German kuning (rarer kunig), from Proto-West Germanic *kuning, from Proto-Germanic *kuningaz.[1] The development Old High German -ning → later -nig is regular (see Pfennig). The modern vocalism -ö- is chiefly Central and Low German; compare Middle Low German köninc, from Old Saxon kuning. Cognate with Old Dutch kuning (whence Dutch koning), Old English cyning (whence English king), Old Norse konungr (whence e.g. Danish konge). The word was borrowed into non-Germanic languages in Proto-Germanic times: Finnish and Estonian kuningas, Russian князь (knjazʹ).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkøːnɪç/
    • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ˈkøːnɪk/ (southern Germany, Austria)

NounEdit

König m (genitive Königes or Königs, plural Könige)

  1. king (monarch, chess, card games)

Usage notesEdit

  • Together with proper nouns, the genitive can be König[e]s with uninflected proper noun (e.g. Königs Wilhelm) or less common uninflected König with inflected proper noun as if the noun König were part of a name (e.g. König Wilhelms).

DeclensionEdit

Note: The long genitive form Königes lost popularity by the mid-19th century.

See alsoEdit

Chess pieces in German · Schachfiguren, Schachsteine (layout · text)
           
König Dame, Königin Turm Läufer Springer, Pferd, Ross, Rössel Bauer

Derived termsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

König m or f (genitive Königs)

  1. A common surname, from nicknames originating as a nickname.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "König" in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Further readingEdit


Saterland FrisianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle Low German kȫnnich, from Old Saxon kuning. Cognates include German Low German König. Doublet of Kening.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

König m

  1. king

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Marron C. Fort (2015), “Kening”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN