See also: gaul

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French Gaule (Gaul), from Middle French Gaule (Gaul), from Old French Gaule, Waulle (Gaul), a word used as a translation of Latin Gallia (Gaul), from Frankish *Walha(land) (Gaul, Land of the Romans, foreigners) (but see etymology for Gallus), from *walh (foreigner, Roman, Celt), from Proto-Germanic *walhaz (an outlander, foreigner, Celt), probably of Celtic origin, from the same source as Latin Volcae (name of a Celtic tribe in South Germany, which later emigrated to Gaul). Akin to Old High German Walh, Walah (a Celt, Roman, Gaul), Old English Wealh, Walh (a non-Germanic foreigner, Celt/Briton/Welshman), Old Norse Valir (Gauls, Frenchmen). More at Wales/Welsh, Cornwall, Walloon, and Vlach/Wallachia.

Despite their similar appearance, Latin Gallia is not the origin of French Gaule; the similarity is purely coincidental. According to regular sound changes in the phonetic development of Old French, Latin g before a becomes j (compare gamba, whence jambe), and the i of terminal -ia transposes to the preceding syllable (compare gloire from gloria). Thus, the regular outcome of Latin Gallia is Jaille, a component still seen in several French placenames (e.g. La Jaille-Yvon, Saint-Mars-la-Jaille, etc.).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

 
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Gaul

  1. (geography, chiefly historical) A region recognised throughout the Antiquity and the Middle Ages, roughly corresponding to modern France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, and parts of Northern Italy (Lombardy), the Netherlands, and Germany, particularly the west bank of the Rhine
    Hypernyms: (historical) Celtic Gaul, Belgic Gaul, Aquitaine, Cisalpine Gaul, Transalpine Gaul, Gallia Narbonensis

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

 
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Gaul (plural Gauls)

  1. A person from Gaul.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German gūl. Cognate with Dutch guil (old horse).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Gaul m (genitive Gaules or Gauls, plural Gäule)

  1. (regional) horse
  2. (more widespread) hack, nag (bad, old or incapable horse)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Gaul” in Duden online

HunsrikEdit

 
En Gaul

Alternative formsEdit

  • kaul (Wiesemann spelling system)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German gūl. Cognate with German Gaul

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Gaul m (plural Geil, diminutive Geilche)

  1. horse
    Die Geil sin schnell.
    The horses are fast.

Further readingEdit


Pennsylvania GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare German Gaul.

NounEdit

Gaul m (plural Geil)

  1. horse

PlautdietschEdit

NounEdit

Gaul f (plural Gaule)

  1. gall, bile