See also: gaul

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French Gaule (Gaul), from Middle French Gaule (Gaul), from Old French Gaule, Waulle (Gaul, a term used to translate unrelated Latin Gallia (Gaul)), from Frankish *Walha(land) (Gaul, Land of the Romans, foreigners), from Proto-West Germanic *walh (foreigner, Roman, Celt), from Proto-Germanic *walhaz (an outlander, foreigner, Celt), probably of Celtic origin, from the same source as Latin Volcae (name of a Celtic tribe in South Germany, which later emigrated to Gaul). Akin to Old High German Walh, Walah (a Celt, Roman, Gaul), Old English Wealh, Walh (a non-Germanic foreigner, Celt/Briton/Welshman), Old Norse Valir (Gauls, Frenchmen). More at Wales/Welsh, Cornwall, Walloon, and Vlach/Wallachia.

Despite their similar appearance, Latin Gallia is not the origin of French Gaule. During the evolution from Latin to French, stressed initial /ˈɡa-/ yielded /dʒa/ > /ʒa/ (cf. Latin gamba > French jambe), while unstressed final /-lia/ yielded /ʎə/ > /j/ (cf. Latin filia > French fille). Thus, the regular outcome of Latin Gallia is /ʒaj/ ⟨Jaille⟩, which is attested in several French toponyms: La Jaille-Yvon, Saint-Mars-la-Jaille, etc.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

 
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Gaul

  1. (geography, chiefly historical) A historical region roughly corresponding to modern France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, and parts of Northern Italy (Lombardy), the Netherlands, and Germany west of the Rhine.
    Hypernyms: (historical) Celtic Gaul, Belgic Gaul, Aquitaine, Cisalpine Gaul, Transalpine Gaul, Gallia Narbonensis

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

 
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Gaul (plural Gauls)

  1. A person from Gaul.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German gūl, of obscure ultimate origin, but possibly ultimately from Proto-West Germanic *geutan (to pour, cast), referring to a powerful male horse, a "seed-pouring animal."[1] Cognate with Dutch guil (old horse).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Gaul m (strong, genitive Gaules or Gauls, plural Gäule)

  1. (regional) horse
  2. (more widespread) hack, nag (bad, old or incapable horse)
    Synonym: Klepper

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ J. de Vries (1971), Nederlands Etymologisch Woordenboek, Leiden

Further readingEdit

  • Gaul” in Duden online
  • Gaul” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

HunsrikEdit

 
En Gaul

Alternative formsEdit

  • kaul (Wiesemann spelling system)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German gūl, of obscure ultimate origin, but possibly ultimately from Proto-West Germanic *geutan (to pour, cast), referring to a powerful male horse, a "seed-pouring animal." Cognate with German Gaul.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Gaul m (plural Geil, diminutive Geilche)

  1. horse
    Die Geil sin schnell.
    The horses are fast.

Further readingEdit


Pennsylvania GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German gūl, of obscure ultimate origin, but possibly ultimately from Proto-West Germanic *geutan (to pour, cast), referring to a powerful male horse, a "seed-pouring animal." Cognate with German Gaul, Middle Low German gûl, and Dutch guil (old horse).

NounEdit

Gaul m (plural Geil)

  1. horse

PlautdietschEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German galle, from Old Saxon galla, from Proto-West Germanic *gallā, from Proto-Germanic *gallǭ.

NounEdit

Gaul f (plural Gaule)

  1. gall, bile